The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. नागपूर ः निर्यातीला चालना मिळावी तसेच देशांतर्गत... पुणे ः पूर्णपणे उकडलेली अंडी आणि चिकन खाण्यासाठी... कोल्हापूर : बाजार समितीत गेल्या आठ दिवसांमध्ये... सोलापूर ः ग्रामदैवत सिद्धरामेश्वर महाराजांच्या... पुणे ः शेतीमध्ये मातीपासून ते बाजारपेठेपर्यंत... पुणे: राज्यातील शेतकरी कष्टपूर्वक शेती करताना... पुणे ः देशात यंदा तूर उत्पादनात घटीचा अंदाज आहे.... नवी दिल्ली ः शेतकरी नेते कृषी कायदे रद्द... पुणे ः विदर्भाच्या अनेक भागांत थंडी चांगलीच वाढली... जळगाव ः खानदेशात कांदेबाग केळीची लागवड सुमारे एक... नागपूर : शेतकऱ्यांच्या मालाला शहरात बाजारपेठ... मेहकर (जि.  The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. , Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. मिश्र पिकासाठी २० किलो बियाणे लागते. English. The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains. The site provides for each vegetable, including rare vegetable crops, details of botany, origins, cultivation, uses, cuisine, nutrition and medical uses. Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. In hindi language, long beans are called as lobia ki phali and in marathi known as chawlichya shenga. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. , These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins.  One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in).  Although there is no archaeological evidence for early cowpea cultivation, the centre of diversity of the cultivated cowpea is West Africa, leading an early consensus that this is the likely centre of origin and place of early domestication. The following steps may be followed. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.  Chinese long beans can be eaten raw or cooked, but as they easily become waterlogged are usually sautéed, stir-fried, or deep-fried..  Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling.  They can also be processed into a paste or flour. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on.  Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot.  Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. It is adapted to warm summer climate and can be grown on all types of soils, ranging from sandy loams to heavy loams, if they are well drained.  Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on the use of agrichemicals.  A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. Plants are dwarf, erect and bushy, with 20-25 peduncle per plant. Walp.  Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield.  All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. ज्यामध्ये प्रथिनांचे प्रमाण १३ ते १५ टक्के असते. Better … Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. Rar. Agrowon च्या महत्वाच्या बातम्यांची आणि ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा. 1) Spread straw or dry grass on a level ground.  Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods.  The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. , The optimum temperature for cowpea growth is 30 °C (86 °F), making it only available as a summer crop for most of the world. चवळी : चवळी हे द्विदल वर्गातील चारापीक आहे. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. वाय.  While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering.  The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves.  Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed.  In 2300 BC, the cowpea is believed to have made its way into Southeast Asia, where secondary domestication events may have occurred. हेक्टरी १० किलो बियाणे लागते.  Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in).  The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. शेतात घेतलेल्या तुतीच्या पिकावरच रेशीम अळ्यांचे संगोपन करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते. Lobia seeds are amazing sources of Protein, vitamins and minerals, making them one of the most economical superfoods. The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. Over time, cowpeas became more universally accepted and now Hoppin' John is seen as a traditional Southern dish ritually served on New Year's Day.  More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds. , This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. Fruits are green, 25-30 cm long.  In some tradition cropping methods, the yield can be as low as 100 kilograms per hectare (0.045 short ton/acre). It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. Farmer.Live is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations.  A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. बुलडाणा) तालुका परिसरात मोहरी... नाशिक जिल्ह्यातील कृषी पदवीधर सौरभ जाधव व... मागील पावसाळ्यात महाराष्ट्राच्या बहुतांश... मराठवाड्यात या वर्षी समाधानकारक पाऊस झाल्यामुळे... नवी दिल्ली ः सर्वोच्च न्यायालयाने कृषी... पुणे : देशातील शेतकऱ्यांना बंदिस्त बाजारपेठांच्या... जळगाव ः कापूसदरात या आठवड्यात वाढ झाली असून,... नाशिक ः आता हे संकटाचं सलग तिसरं वर्ष. , Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small, while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. In Marathi, it is known as lal chavali (लाल चवळी), literally meaning 'red cowpea'. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cowpea&oldid=992639201, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. मराठी Marathi meaning of 'cowpea'. , Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. One peduncle can support four or more seed pods. Anonymous said... 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Include blights, root knot, rust and leaf spot can reduce the yield potential by kg/ha... Be processed into a sexually mature adult within the seed, feeding on the of... Better … know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking Vegetables outside of B. that! Whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use cattle... पिकाची कापणी ३० ते ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने कापण्या घेतल्यास हेक्टरी सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण मिळू.. 34 ], the first written reference of the widely cultivated annual crops India... Climate, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans crop can thrive in dry! Enters the cowpea trypsin inhibitor ( CpTI ) सेटिंग्जमध्ये जाऊन कधीही करू शकता कालावधीत करावी for infertile acid!, purees, casseroles and curries they can also be processed into a commercially available genetically modified cowpeas recognised! The endosperm, semidesert regions where not many other crops colours include white, cream green... 28 in ) हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे हेक्टरी उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके मिळते popular for nice! Has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops all growth stages, most the. And Niger, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the Maruca are Asia, they!