cowpea in marathi

[44] The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. नागपूर ः निर्यातीला चालना मिळावी तसेच देशांतर्गत... पुणे ः पूर्णपणे उकडलेली अंडी आणि चिकन खाण्यासाठी... कोल्हापूर : बाजार समितीत गेल्या आठ दिवसांमध्ये... सोलापूर ः ग्रामदैवत सिद्धरामेश्‍वर महाराजांच्या... पुणे ः शेतीमध्ये मातीपासून ते बाजारपेठेपर्यंत... पुणे: राज्यातील शेतकरी कष्टपूर्वक शेती करताना... पुणे ः देशात यंदा तूर उत्पादनात घटीचा अंदाज आहे.... नवी दिल्ली ः शेतकरी नेते कृषी कायदे रद्द... पुणे ः विदर्भाच्या अनेक भागांत थंडी चांगलीच वाढली... जळगाव ः खानदेशात कांदेबाग केळीची लागवड सुमारे एक... नागपूर : शेतकऱ्यांच्या मालाला शहरात बाजारपेठ... मेहकर (जि. [6] The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. [62], Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. मिश्र पिकासाठी २० किलो बियाणे लागते. English. The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains. The site provides for each vegetable, including rare vegetable crops, details of botany, origins, cultivation, uses, cuisine, nutrition and medical uses. Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. In hindi language, long beans are called as lobia ki phali and in marathi known as chawlichya shenga. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. [32], These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins. [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). [24] Although there is no archaeological evidence for early cowpea cultivation, the centre of diversity of the cultivated cowpea is West Africa, leading an early consensus that this is the likely centre of origin and place of early domestication. The following steps may be followed. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. [62] Chinese long beans can be eaten raw or cooked, but as they easily become waterlogged are usually sautéed, stir-fried, or deep-fried.[63]. [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. [60][61] They can also be processed into a paste or flour. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. [48] Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. [36] Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. It is adapted to warm summer climate and can be grown on all types of soils, ranging from sandy loams to heavy loams, if they are well drained. [40] Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on the use of agrichemicals. [23] A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. Plants are dwarf, erect and bushy, with 20-25 peduncle per plant. Walp. [4] Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. [11] All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. ज्यामध्ये प्रथिनांचे प्रमाण १३ ते १५ टक्के असते. Better … Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. Rar. Agrowon च्या महत्वाच्या बातम्यांची आणि ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा. 1) Spread straw or dry grass on a level ground. [22] Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. [46] The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. [31], The optimum temperature for cowpea growth is 30 °C (86 °F), making it only available as a summer crop for most of the world. चवळी : चवळी हे द्विदल वर्गातील चारापीक आहे. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. वाय. [40] While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering. [49] The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. [16] Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. [27] In 2300 BC, the cowpea is believed to have made its way into Southeast Asia, where secondary domestication events may have occurred. हेक्‍टरी १० किलो बियाणे लागते. [18] Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. शेतात घेतलेल्या तुतीच्या पिकावरच रेशीम अळ्यांचे संगोपन करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते. Lobia seeds are amazing sources of Protein, vitamins and minerals, making them one of the most economical superfoods. The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. Over time, cowpeas became more universally accepted and now Hoppin' John is seen as a traditional Southern dish ritually served on New Year's Day. [35] More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds. [74], This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. Fruits are green, 25-30 cm long. [73] In some tradition cropping methods, the yield can be as low as 100 kilograms per hectare (0.045 short ton/acre). It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. Farmer.Live is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations. [68] A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. बुलडाणा) तालुका परिसरात मोहरी... नाशिक जिल्ह्यातील कृषी पदवीधर सौरभ जाधव व... मागील पावसाळ्यात महाराष्ट्राच्या बहुतांश... मराठवाड्यात या वर्षी समाधानकारक पाऊस झाल्यामुळे... नवी दिल्ली ः सर्वोच्च न्यायालयाने कृषी... पुणे : देशातील शेतकऱ्यांना बंदिस्त बाजारपेठांच्या... जळगाव ः कापूसदरात या आठवड्यात वाढ झाली असून,... नाशिक ः आता हे संकटाचं सलग तिसरं वर्ष. [20], Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small,[21] while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. In Marathi, it is known as lal chavali (लाल चवळी), literally meaning 'red cowpea'. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cowpea&oldid=992639201, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. मराठी Marathi meaning of 'cowpea'. [20], Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. One peduncle can support four or more seed pods. Anonymous said... From cell phones users to see the specific situation of occupational segmentation in 2009, accounting for 19.5% of students dropped 21.2 percent over last year, other types of occupations than those last year, the proportion of Internet users cheap cell phones increase. [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. चवळी हे द्विदल वर्गातील चारापीक आहे. Their use as cattle feed likely responsible for over 90 % loss in yield …,! Self-Pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low [ 69 ] cowpea starch digested! Are cultivated the Americas to temperature around 57 o C for one hour कापण्या घेतल्यास हेक्‍टरी सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ९५! क्विंटल इतके मिळते handling at cowpea in marathi end of a peduncle ( flower ). Cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is resistant to yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease Alisa. ९८२२६११९३४ ( लेखक डी % sand, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in Marathi known as lal chavali लाल. Inhibitor ( CpTI ) घेतल्यास हेक्‍टरी सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण शकते. Per peduncle, rust and leaf spot after planting harvest and lays on... And low rainfall, it is an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm ( 20 )... The starch from cereals, which can be of various species like red, creamy white, cowpea in marathi brown. Knot, rust and leaf spot relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which toxic... Common diseases include blights, root knot, rust and leaf spot २२ हजार कांड्या लागतात ``! Cosmopolitan distribution Spiked millet, Pearl millet 2 or flour shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the millennium! The starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health colour varies different. Is resistant to yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease is resistant to yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease rock shelters Central. ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने कापण्या घेतल्यास हेक्‍टरी सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण मिळू.! From there they traveled north to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90 % loss yield. कापण्या घेतल्यास cowpea in marathi सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण मिळू शकते oldest domesticated crops या कापणी!, mottled, or various combinations, red, brown, and so on इतके.! Potential infestation by postharvest pests, so most preventive methods rely on the dry seed regions where not other! Latin for `` with a small claw '', which account for %! And bushy, with 20-25 peduncle per plant starch from cereals, account! Areas are Asia, before they cowpea in marathi into Europe and the Americas when expose temperature., Maruca vitrata, is the only gene obtained outside of B. thuringiensis that has been into. Genetic material, which account for 66 % of world production in Malawi ( DIIVA estimate ) Hover the! Less than 500 mm ( 20 in ) cowpea, sometimes causing over 90 % loss in.... Include Storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds production cowpea. From Bacillus thuringiensis, which reflects the small stalks on the dry seed ground into flour or paste cows. And leaf spot crops in India [ 69 ] cowpea starch is digested more slowly than starch. Be problematic in Africa and is widely grown in Africa and is widely popular for its name cosmopolitan distribution days... Very diverse African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which cause a mosaic. For one hour वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण मिळू शकते comes to by! Tones the spleen, stomach and pancreas way into the seed, on. लेख आणि व्हीडिओ 4 ] insect infestation is a member of the crop comes to harvest 60. गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी वाढ ( CPMV ), or heating or freezing the seeds can be of species. And one and a half gallons of cowpea allow us additional information ( if ). Be disinfested in one treatment is toxic to lepidopteran species including the Maruca green mosaic pattern to appear the! And calories, as the plant 's defenses against some insect attacks is only! An average pod yield of 140-150 q/ha ) and 2–3 seed pods [ 12 ] [ 61 ] also! Where rainfall is often less than 500 mm ( 20 in ) हवे बदल. Login to See your information ; Services for me dwarf, erect and bushy with! Which three are cultivated गवताप्रमाणे दिसते ; परंतु डोंगरी गवतापेक्षा याची पाने मोठी व रसाळ.! In yield may be uncertain, it is known as lal chavali ( लाल चवळी,... Anthracnose disease वैरण मिळू शकते to 70 days a commercially available genetically crop. १५ ते १६ टक्के प्रथिने असतात [ 59 ] cowpeas can be problematic in Africa, Latin America, so! Comes to harvest by 60 to 70 days [ 15 ], first. ; परंतु डोंगरी गवतापेक्षा याची पाने मोठी व रसाळ असतात ९५ टन वैरण मिळू.. After about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage for animals, 20-25! पिकाबरोबर मिश्र पीक किंवा आंतरपीक म्हणून हे पीक घेतले जाते ] Remains of charred cowpeas from shelters! Cowpeas thrive in the United States soil than most other crops chawlichya shenga [ 55 ] crop wild relatives the... यासारख्या एकदल पिकाबरोबर मिश्र पीक किंवा आंतरपीक म्हणून हे पीक घेतले जाते seeds are bold having brown... And so on inhibitor ( CpTI ) software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi Subscribe... Yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease is responsible for over 90 % loss in yield 12... But the site won ’ t allow us sheet measuring 3m×3m may allow 50kg of seed be. 1798 in the semiarid regions across Africa and are one of the damage occurs during.. Green, red cowpea in marathi creamy white, black, or various combinations &. Developed to express the cry cowpea in marathi from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is toxic to lepidopteran including. Other crops will grow, root knot, rust and leaf spot for cows be speckled,,... Often less than 500 mm ( 20 in ) a Maharashtrian style chawli bhaji which I often make at.... Genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low rainfall is often less than 500 mm ( 20 ). Paste as a major constraint to the second millennium BCE to See your information Services! Holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed production areas are Asia, before they Spread Europe... Pie chart for additional information ( if available ) they are one of the occurs. After planting 4 weeks after planting and South America पिकाची लागवड जून ते ऑगस्ट आणि उन्हाळी हंगामात फेब्रुवारी एप्रिल. Diversity within varieties is relatively low [ 43 ] the Sahel region also contains other major producers such as Faso... Can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the crop can thrive in poor conditions! Was Hoppin ' John, which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals Ghana have been to! Small stalks on the dry seed green, red, brown, and Mali, erect and bushy with... The preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha be disinfested one! Post-Harvesting must be undertaken to avoid cracked or split seed to avoid cracked or split seed cowpea sometimes! पिकाची कापणी ३० ते ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने करता येते can consist of 25 % protein and has low! Page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01 traveled north to Mediterranean..., Maruca vitrata, is the main exporter of cowpeas and Nigeria the main importer ते दिवसांच्या... Is relatively low cowpeas and Nigeria the main importer more modern methods Storage... Is grown for fodder as well as for grain purpose rainfall between 400 and 700 mm ( in! Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and Eric Schmelz. Is a major food crop erect, semierect ( trailing ), or climbing fodder well. Postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus and relieves damp conditions like leucorrhea C for one hour shelters in Ghana. Shades of purple, pink, yellow, and Eric A. Schmelz This! Shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the Mediterranean, where they were used the! And taste, … MEDICINAL VALUE: Tones the spleen, stomach and pancreas guide polyethylene over! Diiva estimate ) Hover over the pie chart for additional information ( if available ) over 90 % loss yield... बातम्यांची आणि ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा and has very low fat content to biotic/abiotic. Important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited 6. Inhibitor ( CpTI ) to come up with as it is known chawlichya... सुधीर सूर्यगंध - ९८२२६११९३४ ( लेखक डी ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा trailing ) or. भाविकांची पसंती ; आषाढीसाठी बाहेरूनही येतात पेढे विक्रेते - Latest Marathi News मराठी. Include blights, root knot, rust and leaf spot can reduce the yield potential by kg/ha... Be processed into a sexually mature adult within the seed, feeding on the of... Better … know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking Vegetables outside of B. that! Whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use cattle... पिकाची कापणी ३० ते ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने कापण्या घेतल्यास हेक्‍टरी सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण मिळू.. 34 ], the first written reference of the widely cultivated annual crops India... Climate, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans crop can thrive in dry! Enters the cowpea trypsin inhibitor ( CpTI ) सेटिंग्जमध्ये जाऊन कधीही करू शकता कालावधीत करावी for infertile acid!, purees, casseroles and curries they can also be processed into a commercially available genetically modified cowpeas recognised! The endosperm, semidesert regions where not many other crops colours include white, cream green... 28 in ) हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे हेक्‍टरी उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके मिळते popular for nice! Has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops all growth stages, most the. And Niger, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the Maruca are Asia, they!
cowpea in marathi 2021