By the end of 1964 ERAP had ten inner-city projects engaging 125 student volunteers. The government did not re-try the case, and thereafter elected to dismiss the substantive charges. Davis and four co-defendants - Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger - were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the Chicago … Over 100 major U.S. cities experienced disturbances, resulting in roughly $50 million in damage. Tom Hayden remembers the first time he tried to enter the Conrad Hilton Hotel on Chicago's Michigan Avenue..  His profile in Newark attracted the attention of the FBI. Edited by Mark L. Levine, George C. McNamee and Daniel Greenberg / Foreword by Aaron Sorkin. He spoke many times about the era that planted his name in the American consciousness as a radical firebrand, anti-Vietnam War protester and defendant in the Chicago 7 conspiracy trial. It would be the first of many trips he’d take to the country in the following years. As the counterculture rebellion of the 1960s gave way to the stark realities of the 1970s, Hayden decided to enter politics. As part of the Chicago Seven, he was charged with conspiracy to incite a riot while crossing state lines at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Chicago 1968: glimpses of when the Democrats met amid a summer of unrest ... Tom Hayden and John Froines get lunch during the trial in 1970. Hayden was a teaching assistant at the University of Michigan Journalism Department in the early 1960s. Judge Julius Hoffman presided over the trial, which quickly became a media firestorm. Communist Party USA and African Americans, World Socialist Party of the United States, Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee, Individualist anarchism in the United States, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, Student Senate for California Community Colleges, "Tom Hayden, preeminent 1960s political radical and antiwar protester, dies at 76", "Casey Hayden: Gender and the Origins of SNCC, SDS, and the Women's Liberation Movement", http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Resources/Primary/Manifestos/SDS_Port_Huron.html, https://womhist.alexanderstreet.com/SNCC/doc86A.htm, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/oct/27/tom-hayden-obituary, https://www.latimes.com/local/obituaries/la-me-tom-hayden-snap-story.html, "New Force on the Left: Tom Hayden and the Campaign Against Corporate America", "From Here to There: The Staughton Lynd Reader", "U.S. Study scores Chicago violence as "a police riot, "The Truth About My Trip To Hanoi - Jane Fonda", "Introduction to the Enemy (1974) Film: Vietnam Lesson:'Introduction to Enemy' From Jane Fonda", "Indochina Peace Campaign, Boston Office : Records, 1972-1975 | Joseph P. Healey Library", "IPC Films Production Company – filmography", "How the late Tom Hayden went from a fiery activist to a progressive lawmaker", "An Endorsement of the Movement Barack Obama Leads", "Progressive America Rising: Progressives For Obama", "Democratic National Committee Candidate List (Unofficial)", "With Great Respect for Tom Hayden, I Gotta Say: His Support for Hillary Clinton Makes Less and Less Sense the More He Tries to Explain It | HuffPost", "Statement from President Clinton and Secretary Clinton on the Passing of Tom Hayden", http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/9/18/tom-hayden-archivesuniversitymichigan.html, "Bring on the Iraq Syndrome: Tom Hayden in conversation with Theodore Hamm", "Tom Hayden, Civil Rights and Antiwar Activist Turned Lawmaker, Dies at 76", "Tom Hayden, 1960s radical who became champion of liberal causes, dies at 76", https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/171745800/tom-hayden, http://www.santamonicanext.org/2017/03/eternal-meadow-at-santa-monicas-woodlawn-cemetery-offers-greener-burial-options/, 1968 Democratic National Convention protests, William Kunstler: Disturbing the Universe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tom_Hayden&oldid=1006260855, Activists for African-American civil rights, Burials at Woodlawn Memorial Cemetery, Santa Monica, Members of Students for a Democratic Society (1960 organization), CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. At the end of his life he was the director of the Peace and Justice Resource Center in Los Angeles County. Will Tom Hayden Overcome? The Chicago 7 were a group of defendants accused of conspiracy and inciting to riot – alongside other charges linked to the anti-Vietnam War and countercultural protests in 1968. The Law of the Press was one of the courses he taught. August 1968. , Hayden attended Dondero High School in Royal Oak, Michigan. The Chicago Eight included Abbie Hoffman, Tom Hayden, David Dellinger, Jerry Rubin, Lee Weiner, Rennie Davis, John Froines and Bobby Seale. NetflixEddie Redmayne as Tom Hayden in the upcoming Netflix film The Trial of the Chicago 7. Undeterred by the weight of the charges, Davis and Rubin audibly called the court “bullsh*t.” Hoffman and Rubin even showed up one day dressed in judicial robes to make a mockery of the courtroom. , In his tribute to Hayden following his death, former US President Bill Clinton stated: "Hillary and I knew him for more than thirty years and valued both his words of support and his criticism. George Rose/Getty ImagesHayden in 1976, the year he ran against California Senator John V. Tunney. Now that "The Trial of the Chicago 7" finally has been released, the writer and director told a National Press Club Headliners Virtual Newsmaker audience, it is unsettling to note parallels between what was happening in 1968 … He visited as soon as 1967, when North Vietnamese leaders asked him to bring three prisoners of war back to the United States. As the editor of his high school paper, he used his farewell column to write, “Go to hell,” by using the first letter of each successive paragraph to do so. .  Hayden and Fonda divorced in 1990. For three years in Newark, he worked with a community union to organize poor black residents to take on slumlords, city inspectors and others. The riot that overshadowed the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968. By William F. Jasper , Hayden was known widely in California as a staunch endorser of animal rights and was responsible for writing the bill popularly known as the Hayden Act, which improved protection of pets and extended holding periods for pets confined as strays or surrendered to shelters. The IPC, operating in Boston, New York, Detroit and Santa Clara, mobilized dissent against the Vietnam War and demanded unconditional amnesty for U.S. draft evaders, among other aims. In 1970, the seven defendants were acquitted of conspiracy, but Davis and four others -- Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger and Hayden -- were convicted of inciting a riot and sentenced to five years in prison. Oct. 2, 1969.  Though he originally leaned towards Bernie Sanders in the 2016 Democratic Presidential Primary, Hayden later announced he would support Hillary Clinton and cast his vote for her when the primary reached California. , American social and political activist, author, and politician (1939–2016), For other people named Thomas Hayden, see. And none of them would serve time — since a Court of Appeal overturned the criminal convictions in 1972 due to the judge’s procedural errors as well as his overt hostility to the defendants. Michael Ochs Archives/Getty ImagesHayden in the thick of protests during the Democratic National Convention. ", In 2007, Hayden made news for his speech at the wedding of his son Troy, where, as Hilton Als wrote in The New Yorker, he "said that he was especially happy about his son's union with actress Simone Bent, who is black, because, among other things, it was 'another step in a long-term goal of mine: the peaceful, non-violent disappearance of the white race.  His father was a former Marine who worked for Chrysler as an accountant and was also a violent alcoholic. "Tom Hayden obituary. Hayden's 1960s were a decade of dissent marked by civil rights sit-ins, anti-war marches, the Chicago riots and scenes of kids being tear-gassed and clubbed on American campuses. In later years, he ran for political office numerous times, winning seats in both the California Assembly and California Senate. Dellinger, along with Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, were members of the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (MOBE).  Six months after the convention, he and seven other protesters including Rennie Davis, The riot in question took place outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention — and it happened during an incredibly tense time in American history. The 1968 Chicago riots, in the United States, were sparked in part by the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. And it was at the University of Michigan where he truly found his purpose. Whatever else one says about Tom Hayden, he practices what he preaches. The opening lines read, “We are people of this generation, bred in at least modest comfort, housed now in universities, looking uncomfortably to the world we inherit.”. Document 86A: Casey Hayden (aka Sandra Cason) and Mary King, "Sex and Caste," November 18, 1965. “Potentially, t… Hayden then attended the University of Michigan, where he was editor of the Michigan Daily. The Chicago Seven (originally Chicago Eight, also Conspiracy Eight/Conspiracy Seven) were seven defendants—Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Tom Hayden, Rennie Davis, John Froines, and Lee Weiner—charged by the United States federal government with conspiracy, crossing state lines with intent to incite a riot, and other charges related to anti–Vietnam War … Michael Finnegan (October 23, 2016). His involvement in the Chicago riots was centered around his intention to cross state lines to riot at the 1968 Democratic Convention in the wake of the Reverand Martin Luther King Jr.s assassination. MOBE was an umbrella organization that included groups who were opposed to American participation in the Vietnam War. The Chicago Seven (originally Chicago Eight, also Conspiracy Eight/Conspiracy Seven) were seven defendants - Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Tom Hayden, Rennie Davis, John Froines, and Lee Weiner - charged with conspiracy, inciting to riot, and other charges related to countercultural protests that took place in Chicago, Illinois on the occasion of the 1968 … He and Fonda later initiated the Campaign for Economic Democracy (CED), which formed a close alliance with then Governor Jerry Brown and promoted solar energy, environmental protection and renters' rights policies, as well as candidates for local office throughout California, more than 50 of whom would go on to be elected. “The effect of this ‘anti-riot’ act is to subvert the first Amendmentguarantee of free assembly by equating organized political protest with organized violence,” it read. Over 100 major U.S. cities experienced disturbances, resulting in roughly $50 million in damage. Hayden addresses reporters in Chicago’s Dirksen Federal Building. I know many of you feel very connected to and inspired by... Posted by Rennie Davis on Tuesday, February 2, 2021. The 1968 riots in Chicago led by SDS radicals could be repeated this year. In a discussion about the book with Theodore Hamm published in the Brooklyn Rail, Hayden argues, "The apparatus of occupation is never going to turn into a peacekeeping economic development agency. The riots themselves started on 28 August 1968, when several thousand protestors tried to march to the International Amphitheatre, where the Democratic National Congress was being held. Hayden taught a class in political science at the University of Southern California during the 1977–78 school year. (1972), Introduction to the Enemy (1974), The China Syndrome (1979), Nine to Five (1980) and On Golden Pond (1981).  Hayden's dismay with Coughlin caused him to break with the Catholic Church as a teenager.  Hayden served as a member of the advisory board for the Progressive Democrats of America, an organization created to increase progressive political cooperation and influence within the Democratic Party. Though he was raised middle-class, his father was a violent drunk who divorced his wife when Hayden was 10. The grandstanding of the celebrity revolutionaries Abbie Hoffman and Tom Hayden, the clash of disparate personalities and protest styles, the earnestness of the anti-war cause and the general chaos of the trial itself are all perfectly suited to his brand of storytelling. In early 1968, the National Mobilization Committee opened a Chicago office directed by Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, who were leading political organizers at the time and former leaders of Students for a Democratic Society. In 1973, he married actress Jane Fonda, whom he’d met at an antiwar rally. It almost cost him his diploma. The guilty verdicts were overturned on appeal. To Hayden, the three-day Democratic National Convention seemed like an ideal opportunity to “lance the tumor that Vietnam was in our lives.” Hundreds of activist organizations had met in the previous months to properly mobilize for the convention held from Aug. 26 to Aug. 29, 1968. It called for equal opportunity for all — and denounced the hypocrisies in the political system. , Convinced, in the words of the Statement, that students must "look outwards to the less exotic but more lasting struggles for justice," and with $5000 from United Automobile Workers, Hayden's first SDS initiative was the Economic Research and Action Project (ERAP). : 1–2. “I’m Jefferson in terms of democracy,” he said, “I’m Thoreau in terms of environment, and Crazy Horse in terms of social movements.” In his last years, however, he also described himself as "an archeological dig.". ... Abbie Hoffman, and Tom Hayden. With twenty-five years experience in Chicago and across the country, Alinsky was considered the father of community organizing. Hayden was best known for his role as an anti-war and civil rights activist in the 1960s, authoring the Port Huron Statement and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case. To the authorities’ chagrin, the trial only made the defendants more popular among their supporters. He mounted a bid in the Democratic primary for California Governor during 1994 on the theme of campaign finance reform and ran for Mayor of Los Angeles in 1997, losing to incumbent Republican Richard Riordan. He also traveled to the North Vietnam capital of Hanoi. “In view of the fact that Hayden is an effective speaker who appeals to intellectual groups and has also worked with and supported the Negro people in their program in Newark," agents recommended that he "be placed on the Rabble Rouser Index.”, Hayden was later to suggest that if ERAP across the country had failed to build to greater success (the promised "interracial movement of the poor") it was because of the escalating U.S. commitment in Vietnam: "Once again the government met an internal crisis by starting an external crisis. Upon graduating in 1961, SDS founder Al Haber offered Hayden a position as a field secretary in the South. 2, pp. Bettmann/Getty ImagesHayden speaking to protesters at Chicago’s Lincoln Park. He was 76 years old. Through carefully crafted production, the film blurs the lines between 1968 and 2020, rightfully so. To a standing ovation she turned back a motion denying support for sit-ins in the struggle against racial segregation: “I cannot say to a person who suffers injustice, ‘Wait,’ And having decided that I cannot urge caution, I must stand with him.” Alan Haber of the fledgling Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) recruited her on the spot. " Staughton Lynd, though, was critical of the Port Huron and New Left concept of "participatory democracy", stating: "We must recognize that when an organization grows to a certain size, consensus decision-making is no longer possible, and some form of representative government becomes necessary. denied, 410 U.S. 970, 93 S.Ct. , Hayden made several subsequent well-publicized visits to North Vietnam as well as Cambodia during America's involvement in the Vietnam War, which had expanded under President Richard M. Nixon to include the adjoining nations of Laos and Cambodia, although he did not accompany his future wife, actress Jane Fonda, on her especially controversial trip to Hanoi in the spring of 1972. The group planned the October 8–11 event as a "National Action" built around John Jacobs' slogan "bring the war home", which grew out of a resolution drafted by Jacobs and introduced at the October 1968 … We insist the term has lost all the specific content it once had. ", In 1968, Hayden joined the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam ("the Mobe"), and played a major role in the protests outside the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois. One of the preeminent activists of the 1960s, Hayden helped found Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) and was arrested as one of the Chicago Seven indicted for conspiracy to incite the riots that accompanied the 1968 …  In that same year, he helped initiate Progressives for Obama (now called Progressive America Rising), a group of political progressives that provided assistance for Obama in his initial presidential campaign. Hayden ran for state senate and won in 1992. Born Thomas Emmett Hayden on Dec. 11, 1939, in Royal Oak, Michigan, Tom Hayden had a turbulent childhood. The primary cause of the demonstrations and the subsequent riots during the 1968 Chicago convention was opposition to the Vietnam War. At the National Student Association convention in Minneapolis in August 1960, Hayden witnessed a dramatic intervention by Sandra Cason. Fifteen years ago, Aaron Sorkin began laying the groundwork for a film based on one of the most compelling legal showdowns of the late 1960s. "Tom Hayden obituary." While Fonda was derided as “Hanoi Jane,” Hayden was also heavily criticized for his then-girlfriend’s photo. "The radical inside the system’: Tom Hayden, protester-turned-politician, dies at 76. “The Trial of the Chicago 7,” written by acclaimed screenwriter, Aaron Sorkin, tells the true story of the 8 men put on trial for inciting violence during the 1968 Chicago riots that followed the assassinations of JFK, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy. Soon riots began, primarily in black urban areas. This page was last edited on 11 February 2021, at 22:52. Tom Hayden however worried that there would be mass arrests and a further escalation in violence, he urged protesters to disperse to the streets in small groups and try to make their way back to the Hilton Hotel. As part of the Chicago Seven, he was charged with conspiracy to incite a riot while crossing state lines at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Plot. A federal appeals court overturned the convictions, citing errors by U.S. District Judge Julius Hoffman. Tom Hayden played a big part in the protests against the Vietnam War during the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, which resulted in violent clashes between police and protesters October 27. ", In 1965, while still committed in Newark, Hayden, along with Communist Party USA member Herbert Aptheker and Quaker peace activist Staughton Lynd, undertook a controversial visit to North Vietnam. ", The Guardian alleged that Hayden insisted to the end that he remained a radical. Unsurprisingly, Hayden quickly became a counterculture icon — and he also got into a lot of trouble.  Staughton Lynd later wrote that the New Left disavowed "the Anti-Communism of the previous generation", and that Lynd and Hayden had written, in Studies on the Left: "We refuse to be anti-Communist.  Hayden attended a Catholic elementary school, where he read out loud to nuns and "learned to fear hell. Hayden's 1960s were a decade of dissent marked by civil rights sit-ins, anti-war marches, the Chicago riots and scenes of kids being tear-gassed and clubbed on American campuses. Section 76060.5 allows the establishment of "student representation fees" at colleges in the California Community Colleges System. The Chicago Seven (originally eight) were political radicals accused of conspiring to incite the riots that occurred at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Godfrey Hodgson (2016). Hayden was known for being a passionate writer in his teens — as well as a very mischievous one. During January 2008, Hayden wrote an opinion essay for The Huffington Post's website endorsing Barack Obama's presidential bid in the Democratic primaries. Davis and four co-defendants — Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger — were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the “Chicago Seven" trial in 1969 and 1970. Eventually, 60,000 copies of the statement were distributed for 25 cents apiece. Unfortunately, his marriage to Fonda fell apart during this time. Davis and four co-defendants - Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger - were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the 'Chicago Seven' trial in 1969 and 1970. , Hayden later served in the California State Assembly (1982–1992) and the State Senate (1992–2000). Though all were charged with conspiracy to incite a riot, Seale was later tried separately — with the rest thus dubbed the Chicago Seven. I would object to … Senator John V. Tunney. However, none of them were found guilty of conspiracy. Antiwar activist Tom Hayden listens to student leaders in 1980. While Hayden lost against California Senator John V. Tunney in 1976, he quickly picked himself up and successfully won a seat in the California Legislature in 1982 and held his seat for a decade. But with strong ideals and experience with activism under his belt, the 22-year-old drafted the Port Huron Statement — a call for a cultural revolution. Tom Hayden was long past his heyday of political rebellion and the Chicago 7 trial when he died on Sunday at age 76. Bettmann/Getty ImagesProtesters clash with the National Guard during the August 1968 riots at the Democratic National Convention. Davis and four co-defendants — Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger — were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the “Chicago Seven" trial in 1969 and 1970. However, Hayden had failed to positively sway the elections.  He also claimed that he never endorsed Sanders and only supported his campaign with the hopes that it would push Hillary towards the Left. In 1974, he appeared in a brief scene as an ER doctor in the film Death Wish. "The Politics of 'The Movement'", in Irving Howe (ed.). To Helstein's dismay, Alinsky dismissed Hayden's venture into the field as naive and doomed to failure. Marco Margaritoff is a Staff Writer at All That's Interesting. In 1968, Tom joined "the Mobe," which stands for the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam. During 2007, Akashic Books released Hayden's Ending the War in Iraq. 1968 Chicago Riot Left Mark On Political Protests Democrats are gathering for their national convention in Denver with the party divided and the country mired in an unpopular war. Thomas Emmet Hayden (December 11, 1939 – October 23, 2016) was an American social and political activist, author, and politician. With Hayden’s SDS proving integral to the mobilized masses, authorities saw him as partially responsible for the events that had unfolded. But only eight of them were hit with federal conspiracy charges. Tom Hayden devoted his life to progressive ideals that the American establishment deemed radical in the 1960s. ", McDowell, Manfred (2013), "A Step into America: The New Left Organizes the Neighborhood," New Politics Vol.  Starting far behind, Hayden mounted a spirited campaign and finished a surprisingly close second in the Democratic primary. But despite the tumultuous trial that followed, Hayden symbolized courage in the face of pressure from the government. The Passing of a Legend: This is Kirsten, Rennie's wife.  He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in Santa Monica, California, where he was the first interment in "Eternal Meadow," an eco-friendly section. He ultimately held on to that seat for eight years. Tom Hayden with his then-wife, Jane Fonda, and their son, Troy, Santa Monica, California. 16 co-conspirators were also named but never prosecuted. The fee has been established at several dozen colleges, and it may be used "to provide support for governmental affairs representatives of local or statewide student body organizations who may be stating their positions and viewpoints before city, county, and district governments, and before offices and agencies of state government". Comprising the original Chicago Eight figureheads were Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Rennie Davis, John Froines, Lee Weiner, Hayden, and Bobby Seale. , Tom Hayden was elected SDS president for the 1962–1963 academic year, but his wife Sandra Cason "Casey" Hayden left Ann Arbor, and left him, heeding the call to return to the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Atlanta. By the time he was a senior, he was an editor of the college paper — and he had what he called a “summer of transformation.”. Hayden was best known for his role as an anti-war and civil rights activist in the 1960s, authoring the Port Huron Statement and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case. 1443, 35 L.Ed.2d 706 (1973). Some also attempted to march to the convention to protest but the police deemed this march illegal and intervened to ensure they did not make it there. During 1999, Hayden made a speech for the Seattle WTO protests. Rioting and looting followed, with people flooding out onto the streets of major cities. Hoping their protests would urge the convention to nominate a candidate who was antiwar, the groups demonstrated outside the International Amphitheater in Chicago. The primary cause of the demonstrations and the subsequent riots during the 1968 Chicago convention was opposition to the Vietnam War. " The sponsoring League for Industrial Democracy (LID) took immediate issue. Of course, being a Freedom Rider wasn’t easy. He was 80. Refined and adopted at the first Students for Democratic Society (SDS) convention in June 1962, the Port Huron Statement called for a "new left" committed, in the spirit of participatory democracy, to "deliberativeness, honesty [and] reflection. Hayden taught numerous courses on social movements, two at Scripps College—one on the Long War and one on gangs in America—and a course called "From the '60s to the Obama Generation" at Pitzer College. With the civil rights movement in full swing, Hayden accepted the offer and joined the Freedom Riders in Atlanta.  SDS community organizers would help draw white neighbourhoods into an "interacial movement of the poor". The Trial of the Chicago 7 is the latest movie directed by Aaron Sorkin, with a scheduled release date in mid-October. King advised Hayden, “Ultimately, you have to take a stand with your life.” Hayden later wrote, “As I left the line, and later as I left Los Angeles, I asked myself why I should be only observing and chronicling this movement instead of participating in it.”. It was from a prison cell in Albany, Georgia, where their ride was to land him, that Hayden began writing the SDS manifesto. From 1972 to 1975, Hayden’s Indochina Peace Campaign helped mobilize dissent against the Vietnam War in Boston, New York, Detroit, and Santa Clara, California. However, the last man, Seale, was eventually removed from the proceedings, which dropped the total number of defendants to seven. And as the Vietnam War escalated in 1963, so did Hayden’s efforts to stop it. Co-defendants John Froines and Lee Weiner were acquitted, the AP reported.  They married in October the following year. 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