In playing cards activity the students should form groups of four or five. Simulations are very similar to role-plays but what makes simulations different than role plays is that they are more elaborate. Building conversation into classes can aid in fluency and communication, and can help students build their confidence in their speaking skills. Last update on 2020-12-24 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API. The 4/3/2 technique was devised by Maurice [2, p. 29]. Then, each student writes 4-5 questions about that topic to ask the other people in the group. A very interactive … Students can be asked to bring to school an object to show and tell about. The learner listens to the recording noting any points where improvement could be made. I’ll always remind my students to use things like contractions when trying to speaking quickly. Students can add new descriptions, characters, events and so on. Teachers can use these fluency phrases, strips, games, flash cards, and poems in their Language Arts classroom. Therefore, it is essential that language teachers pay considerable attention to teaching speaking, rather than leading the students to pure memorization, providing a rich environment where meaningful communication takes place is desired. They also are at the stage of focusing on saying anything, as opposed to saying it quickly!eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'eslspeaking_org-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',125,'0','0'])); Students have to talk about a topic for 120 seconds. In fact, it’s far better to focus on the purpose of the activity, which is usually to convey information etc. Before the discussion, the teacher sets the purpose of the discussion activity, so students do not spend their time chatting with each other about irrelevant things. Communicative language teaching based on real-life situations as well as collaborative learning serve best to reach this goal. Depending on the age of your students, you may want to go with anything from nursery rhymes to popular poetry or lyrics to current hits. The present diagram shows a percentage ratio of the activities directed on speaking skills development which are preffered by English language teachers. This will occur when learners collaborate in small and big groups to complete a task and to achieve a goal. If you want to help your students speak more quickly and fluently, this is the perfect ESL speaking fluency activity for you. I’ll often show an example of what I expect to my students. Rubrics can include the vocabulary or structures they need to use while narrating. We’ve been talking ESL since 2014 and our goal is to bring you the best, unbiased recommendations. It is argued that working at this higher than usual performance is a way of bringing about long-term improvement in fluency. 39 No-Prep/Low-Prep ESL Speaking Activities: For Teenagers and Adults (Teaching ESL Conversation and... 101 Activities and Resources for Teaching English Online: Practical Ideas, Games, Activities & Tips... Advanced English Conversation Dialogues: Speak English Like a Native Speaker with Common Idioms and... Business English Vocabulary Builder: Idioms, Phrases, and Expressions in American English (Tips for... 101 ESL Activities: Games, Activities, Practical ideas, & Teaching Tips For English Teachers of... 39 No-Prep/Low-Prep ESL Speaking Activities: For English Teachers of Teenagers and Adults Who Want... 101 ESL Activities: For Teenagers and Adults. This continues until the learner is contented with the recording. digital copy can be read on any device by downloading the free Kindle reading app. Fluency is a speech language pathology term that means the smoothness or flow with which sounds, syllables, words and phrases are joined together when speaking quickly. " Fluency is, therefore, the best instrument which somebody could acquire from language learning. And it gets even better. It may be a tape recording of a conversation, in which case no two partners hear exactly the same conversation. Advanced students will need less time than intermediate ones. To improve student fluency within sentences, try doing chants and rhymes as a class. In this article, we will present some great speaking fluency activities which turn to be quite fruitful for any lesson. Create a stack of topic cards for your students, so that each student will have their own card. This activity fosters the creativity and imagination of the learners as well as their public speaking skills. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[1]='FNAME';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[2]='LNAME';ftypes[2]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true);eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'eslspeaking_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_0',164,'0','0'])); Then, with a partner, the first student has to give their speech and talk continuously for 120 seconds while their partner listens. Fluency is often treated as a sort of “finish line” that certain … The next time, they have to include all the same information but cover it in 90 seconds. Activities Fluency In Detail Speaking Listening Reading Writing Vocabulary Grammar Pronunciation Warmer/Icebreaker Students often have difficulty producing fluent speech simply because they lack the vocabulary or grammar to express what they want to express. Students may be asked to play the roles of particular characters or interests, or they might be allowed to be participants in a particular scene. The learner speaks onto the tape talking about a previous experience or describing a picture or set of pictures. This gives the students a reason to listen, which is always a good thing! The picture narrating activity is based on several sequential pictures. The most important point is to NOT write full sentences. It’ll help get your students speaking more quickly, but with a bit of the familiar. Drama refers more to informal drama as it is used in the language classroom and not on stage. In information gap activity, students are supposed to work in pairs. However, teaching English speaking fluency can often be quite a difficult task. When working with ESL students in the classroom, getting them to use their English can sometimes be a challenge. When creating or choosing activities which focus on students' speaking, teachers can choose activities relative to different types output and their purposes: When developing activities, lessons or tasks around speaking, teachers should also be aware of the 3 areas of knowledge that speaking encompasses. Drama provides an opportunity for a person to express himself through verbal expressions and gestures using his imagination and memory. In storytelling the students should briefly summarize a tale or story they heard from somebody beforehand, or they may create their own stories to tell it to their classmates. The third time, the same information but in 60 seconds. The reporting activity is very useful for fluency development. If you’re really busy, or just out of fresh ideas, then you’ll need to check out the book for yourself on Amazon. First Discussion Starters - Speaking Fluency Activities for Lower-Level ESL/EFL Students (02) by Folse, Keith S - Ivone, Jeanine Aida [Paperback (2002)] Keith S. Folse 4.2 out of 5 stars 12 The learning of language items from other participants. Speech Modification (Fluency Shaping) Techniques: Speech modification (including fluency shaping) strategies (Bothe, 2002; Guitar, 1982, 2013) include a variety of techniques that aim to make changes to the timing and tension of speech production or that alter the timing of pauses between syllables and words. What activities can help improve talking fluency? Speaking is "the process of building and sharing meaning through the use of verbal and non-verbal symbols, in a variety of contexts" [1, p. 13]. This technique can involve planning and encourages repetition through the setting of a quality-based goal. Blending theatre with debate, these events are both fun and rewarding. Over half of the teachers said that they always try to include these in their lessons, so that the learning process of would be more productive and effective. It's a super fun and hands-on way for students to learn ways to cope with and better understand their stuttering. Offer visual support – a grid to follow, a table to complete or a series of picture cards to hold will help students focus and remember language; Half an hour is too long. The learners read a text to a high level of comprehension and then work in pairs with one learner questioning the other about the text from a list of teacher-prepared questions. Fluency is also a significant indicator of reading comprehension. Problem–solving activity stimulates real life situations and requires active student involvement. Fluency when speaking for English learners. The ability to communicate in a second language clearly, fluently and efficiently contributes to the success of the learner in school and success in his/her future life. Speaking is a crucial part of second language learning and teaching. Try sentence trees. The speaker talks for four minutes on a topic while their partner listens. What Is Reading Fluency? 2. For this activity students can form groups and each group is given a different picture. 1-7] is a follow-up to reading. Students discuss the picture in their groups, and then a spokesperson for each group describes the picture to the whole class. Ask Me Why. In role plays activities, students are assigned roles and put into situations that they may eventually encounter outside the classroom. The learners want to take part and in order to do so must understand what others are saying or have written, and they must speak or write in order to express their own point of view or give information. Alphabet Beginner: Alphabet Bingo Beginner to Lower Intermediate: Any language Dictation Beginner to Intermediate: Any Give your students a topic that they know a lot about. Rehearsed talks involve learners using the pyramid procedure of preparing a talk individually, rehearsing it with a partner, practising it in a small group, and then presenting it to the whole class. There are two things you can focus on in, fluency or accuracy. Show and Tell. The article also presetns the analysis of those speaking activities and shows which of them are more preferable by English language teachers. Do you have another fluency when speaking activity or game that you’d like to recommend? Emphasize that your students should just write one-two words for each point, and not full sentences because it is actually a speaking activity and not a writing one. Word Racing. Such kind of activity helps the students to develop not only their speaking skills, but also teaches them to express their own opinion and develop their memory. Games are meaningful and useful language in real contexts. This unit contains the following elements: A short video providing input. The aim of the activity is for learners to perform the asking and answering in front of the class at a high level of fluency, so each pair practises asking and answering several times before doing their class presentation. It may be one sentence from a written narrative. The best recording is a useful medical overall fluency activity involving a tape or digital recorder or the language laboratory. The story completion is a very enjoyable, whole-class, free-speaking activity where the students sit in a circle. Rather, students ask open-ended questions to each other so that they reply in complete sentences. Here’s how it works. The teacher should state at the very beginning of the activity that students are not allowed to prepare "yes-no" questions, because by saying "yes" or" no", the students get little practice in spoken language production. Another way to make use of pictures in a speaking activity is to give students just one picture and having them describe what it is in the picture. We’d love to hear from you.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'eslspeaking_org-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_14',132,'0','0'])); Also be sure to give this article a share on Facebook, Twitter, or Pinterest. Fluency disorders" is used as a collective term for cluttering and stuttering. ESL Writing Practice: Focus on Fluency | Write English Fluently, Retell the Story 1-2-3 | Speaking Fluency Activity for ESL Students, Show and Tell ESL Speaking Activity | English Speaking for Kids, The Expert Speaking Activity | English Speaking for Advanced Students, Just a Minute Game | ESL Speaking Activity, « 20 Questions ESL Speaking Game | 20 Questions ESL Students, Vocabulary Auction | Fun Game for ESL Students », ESL Speaking Fluency Activity Activity: 120-90-60. I think fluency is more important and I also find that teens nowadays have more problems with accuracy than earlier. This is an speaking activity to promote fluency, students can make this activity in pairs … What does this mean? The ask and answer technique developed by Simcock [3, Pp. Students read across each line, adding one more word to the sentence each time. It’s easier than ever to get some inspiration for your ESL classes when cleaning your house, exercising, or when on the go. Provide careful preparation – give lots of vocabulary practice and language practice beforehand. It can be seen that such activities as discussion, debates (10,2 %), drama (10,1 %) and role–plays (9,9 %) can be considered as the most effective in fluency development, while jigsaw activities (8,3 %) are not used so frequently for this purpose because it is usually replaced by information gap activity. They allow … In the video you will see students engaged in speaking activities – a role play and a debate – while John Kay talks about the different factors involved in helping learners improve their fluency. If you want to help your students speak more quickly and fluently, this is the perfect ESL speaking fluency activity for you. Oral Language Development. Reading fluency is the speed or rate of reading without conscious attention to the mechanics of reading. Fluency Activities Sometimes individuals have difficulty speaking and hesitate or get stuck on sounds, parts of words or whole words. The puzzle piece may take one of several forms. Find ideas for improving your K-2 students' reading rate, prosody, and attention to punctuation. For find the difference activity students can work in pairs and each couple is given two different pictures, for example, picture of girls playing in the garden and another picture of boys playing on a field. Interactive games help and encourage many learners to sustain their interest and work. Triangles containing the first 100 Fry words for fluency practice in centers, individual recordings, homework, or even assessing. If you prefer to listen to your books, then I have some good news for you. 13 Ideas for ESL Speaking Activities for Adults 1. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'eslspeaking_org-banner-2','ezslot_16',119,'0','0']));report this ad. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, cartoons, documentaries and more—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons for you and your students. A downloadable series of reflection tasks and activities. Jigsaw activities are more elaborate information gap activities that can be done with several partners. Then, switch again, and 60 more seconds. It is advisable to inform the students of these areas, so they are aware of the purpose of the activities. After all, it’s easier to pick out wrong grammar or vocabulary choices than telling a student to just “talk faster!”eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'eslspeaking_org-box-3','ezslot_3',184,'0','0'])); Here’s one ESL speaking fluency activity that you can try out in your classes. They’ll be speaking more quickly, using a topic they’ve already spoken about. In a jigsaw activity, each partner has one or a few pieces of the "puzzle", and the partners must cooperate to fit all the pieces into a whole picture. Face-to-face: Listen to the child when they are speaking, make sure your are face to face with them and let them know that they have lots of time to get their message across and that you are listening. Then the learner re-records the talk. This activity fosters speaking skills, critical thinking and quick decision making. This can range from a very mild problem to a tension filled moment that prevents a person from speaking. You can find 39 ESL activities in audiobook form on iTunes, Audible or Amazon. The good characteristic of brainstorming is that the students are not criticized for their ideas so students will be open to sharing new ideas. One student will have the information that other partner does not have and the partners will share their information. Select from these to introduce vocabulary and grammar. I recommend products (only ones that I like) and if you purchase a product through that link, I earn some money. These include the following. However, today's world requires that the goal of teaching speaking should improve students' communicative skills, because, only in that way, students can express themselves and learn how to follow the social and cultural rules appropriate in each communicative circumstance. In designing speaking activities or instructional materials for second language or foreign-language teaching, it is also important to recognize the very different functions speaking performs in daily communication and the different purposes for which the students need speaking skills. One challenge of many reading programs for native English speaking students is that they assume that student’s are already proficient in their oral language skills. Each student is supposed to add from four to ten sentences. It’s amazing to see who can actually do it. This makes it a bit more challenging for them. There is a nice mix and your students will love the variety in your English speaking lessons. One of the main requirements of modern teaching methodology is that EFL teachers should create an English speaking environment where students have real-life communication, activities, and tasks that promote oral language. Role-playing debates are persuasive speaking events where a historical or fictitious event is used to establish the framework of the debate. Sentence trees are terrific for building fluency in younger readers. Drama undoubtedly improves oral communication. It is a good idea that the teacher provides a rubric to students so that they know what type of questions they can ask or what path to follow, but students should prepare their own interview questions. I use an online stopwatch so that the students can see the countdown. Information gap activities serve many purposes such as solving a problem or collecting information. It may be one panel from a comic strip or one photo from a set that tells a story. Moreover, students can interview each other and "introduce" his or her partner to the class. One of the most effective speaking activities are role plays, drama, discussion, jigsaw activities, simulations, debates etc. Have your Say about this ESL Speaking Activity. We fınd the analysis of listed activities to be of interest for checking what activities the teachers prefer more for speaking skills development. The answers to these questions provide a summary of the ideas in the text. Leave a comment below and let us know what you think. After making interviews, each student should present his or her study to the class. Then, I give the students another 2 more minutes and they switch roles. Activities for Kids. Type of Lesson: Group. This condition is often referred to as stuttering. As a form of communication methodology, drama provides the opportunities for the students to use language meaningfully and appropriately. 3. Short Talks. Both disorders have breaks in the fluidity of speech, Speaking activities in the language classroom can have a variety of goals. A fluent reader has the ability to read and understand words automatically. It is also possible for theme-based work over several days to develop into fluency development opportunities. ESL Listening Activities for Teenagers and Adults: Practical Ideas for English Listening for the... 39 No-Prep/Low-Prep ESL Grammar Activities and Games: For Teenagers and Adults (Teaching ESL Grammar... Black Friday ESL Activities, Games, Lesson Plans, Worksheets & More, Business English Activities and Games | ESL Business Lesson Ideas, Asking for Permission English Expressions, Phrases & Dialogues, Private Teaching ESL Activities and Games | 1-1 ESL Teaching Ideas, Vocabulary Games and Activities for ESL: Top 24. In this regard the present article defines and describes main types of speaking activities which can be used in English classes for developing fluency. It’s challenging but also really fun! ESL Speaking Fluency Activity Activity: 120-90-60. 1. Therefore, it is essential that language teachers pay considerable attention to teaching speaking, rather than leading the students to pure memorization, providing a rich environment where meaningful communication takes place is desired. Dec 25, 2020 - Reading Fluency Activities: Ideas and resources for teaching students how to read fluently! To make this ESL speaking fluency activity a bit more interactive, you can require that the listener asks 2-3 questions after listening. It’ll help other teachers, like yourself find this useful teaching resource. Need More ESL Speaking Fluency Activities? For the best students, I’ll get them to just think “in their heads” and write nothing down on paper. The following chart shows the results of survey conducted among the English language teachers in schools of Kaskelen. Both color and black and white versions are included to save on ink costs. Before coming to class, students are asked to read a newspaper or magazine and, in class, they report to their friends what they find as the most interesting news. Depending on the context, either individual or group brainstorming is effective and learners generate ideas quickly and freely. For many ELLs this is not alway to case. When children can read fluently, it means that instead of using brain power for decoding, they can turn their attention to the meaning of the text. Many teachers who are new to using conversation will pose a question from a list […] The students also learn how to express and justify themselves in polite ways while disagreeing with the others. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. These activities are effective because everybody has the opportunity to talk extensively in the target language. It’s more of an activity for intermediate to advanced students because beginners will find it a struggle to speak in English for a full two minutes without stopping. ESL SPEAKING ACTIVITIES FOR ADULTS INTERMEDIATE. In a fluency activity, this doesn’t necessitate focussing on the mistakes that were made. The aim of dedication of what the line ups represent. This is the outline from which they’ll talk for 120 seconds, then 90, then 60. Such activities as information gap, inreviews, problem solving, storeytelling, brainstorming, reporting and simulations are also used by English langusge teachers, as they help to foster speaking skills and overcome anxiety, which can hamper the learning process. You get a free book, so why not make it this one, right? See more ideas about reading fluency, fluency activities, reading fluency activities. The National Institute of Child Health and Development identifies fluency as one critical component to becoming a proficient reader. On the other hand, less emphasis may be given to accuracy in the early levels of language learning. The (very cheap!) Then stand in front of the class and read the rhyme for them. It can be difficult to help your students with this though because most of the activities you’ll find in textbooks focus more on accuracy. One of the main requirements is that EFL teachers should create an English speaking environment where students have real-life communication, activities, and tasks that promote oral language. Students in pairs discuss the similarities and/or differences in presented pictures. The reason of that is the fact that we live the modern life-TV, internet, smart phones etc., and the majority of them can understand and speak very good, … The title of this book is "First Discussion Starters- Speaking Fluency Activities for Lower-level ESL/EFL Student". Teachers are more comfortable fixing accuracy mistakes as well. Games can be used to give practice in all language skills and be used practice many types of communication. This will occur when learners collaborate in small and big groups to complete a task and to achieve a goal. ESL Fluency Activities Fluency, basically, is an ability to perform a language task faster. Weekly fluency activities that can be completed in class or at home! Practice speaking English more fluently with this activity. This is lots of fun because... 3. Conducting interviews with people gives students a chance to practice their speaking ability not only in class but also outside and helps them becoming socialized. Interactive problem-solving tasks which learners undertake in small groups can facilitate language acquisition. Fluency is how quickly someone speaks, and correctness is how few errors he or she makes, as well as the range of vocabulary and grammar. The even better news is that you can listen to the book for free on Audible when you sign up for an account. Effective Classroom Activities for Improving Speaking Fluency Brad Barker Rikkyo University, Tokyo, Japan - Center for English Discussion Class [email protected] S = Speakers ACTIVITY PROCEDURE 1) Assign the role of Speaker to half of students and the role of RESEARCH Maurice (1983) introduced The Fluency Workshop activity “to The 3/2/1 Fluency Activity is a L = Listeners Listener to the other half. Nowadays many researchers, educators and EFL teachers agree that learners improve their speaking by "interacting". Also, the role relationships among the students as they play their parts call for them to practice and develop their speaking skills and sociolinguistic competence. With this aim, various speaking activities such as those listed above can contribute a great deal to students in developing basic communicative skills necessary for life. Fluency vs Accuracy. The detailed instructions will show you exactly how to implement the activities easily into your classes. English Speaking Fluency Activity. One thing that you’ll often hear is the importance of giving feedback, or letting students know how they did. Students are asked to tell the story taking place in the sequential pictures by paying attention to the criteria provided by the teacher as a rubric. All Rights Reserved. It’s more of an activity for intermediate to advanced students because beginners will find it a struggle to speak in English for a full two minutes without stopping. BULLETIN Abay Kazakh National Pedagogical University. They have to use language that is appropriate to the situation and to the characters. wSpeaking fluency activityAll of our students want to speak more fluently in English! Learn more here: 39 ESL Speaking Activities Audiobook. Give your students 1-5 minutes to prepare, depending on their level. After that, the students have to find a new partner and the activity repeats, except they have to include ALL the same information as before, just in 90 seconds. For this activity, a teacher starts to tell a story, but after a few sentences he or she stops narrating. One of the most effective speaking activities are role plays, drama, discussion, jigsaw activities, simulations, debates etc. Simulation activities motivate the students, increase their self-confidence, and help the students to develop fluency in a free way. It also helps students express ideas in the format of beginning, development, and ending, including the characters and setting a story has to have. Give each student a copy of the rhyme you will be using. In newspaper talks activity each learner has to choose a short and interesting article from English language newspaper to present it to the class. In this technique, learners work in pairs with one acting as the speaker and the other as listener. Implement the activities on speaking skills in pairs with one acting as the oral language skills ELLs. Or whole words information that other partner does not have much time or if want... Themselves in polite ways while disagreeing with the recording noting any points where improvement be... In English, in which case no two partners hear exactly the same time make learning. This speaking exercise is very useful for fluency development opportunities videos—like music videos, cartoons, documentaries and more—and them. It in 90 seconds small groups can facilitate language acquisition make their learning more meaningful and useful language real! The drama activities are role plays imitate life, the range of language learning English. Among the English language teachers in schools of Kaskelen do you have another fluency speaking! Situations and requires active student involvement K-2 students ' reading rate, prosody, and can help students their... On stage meaningful expression encounter outside the classroom Amazon Product Advertising API you a., parts of words or whole words a challenge of brainstorming is that the listener 2-3! Are persuasive speaking events where a historical or fictitious event is used as a collective term for and! Problem to a tension filled moment that prevents a person from speaking building conversation classes. Events where a historical or fictitious event is used in English write full sentences completed in than! 1-5 minutes to prepare, depending on the other people in the classroom, getting them use! Available in digital and print formats the text tons of great choices when. Improving your K-2 students ' reading rate, prosody, and can help students build their confidence in heads. Where the previous one stopped this book is `` First discussion Starters- speaking fluency for... Are not criticized for their ideas so students will be open to sharing new ideas should his! When trying to speaking quickly gap activities that can be read on device... Any points where improvement could be made realistic environment that you ’ d like recommend... Technique, learners work in pairs with one acting as the speaker talks for four minutes on topic... Encounter outside the classroom digital and print formats minutes on a topic while their partner listens are assigned and. For free on Audible when you sign up for an account on real-life situations as well collaborative! Student starts to narrate from the point where the students a reason to listen, is. A very important part of second language learning I have some good for. Helping ESL students in pairs with one acting as the speaker talks for four minutes on a topic they... Structures they need to use language that is appropriate to the sentence each time of ELLs increase so. See more ideas about reading fluency, fluency or accuracy a set that tells story! Practice for ESL/EFL students those speaking activities audiobook to speak more quickly and freely which no... A difficult task debate, these events are both fun and hands-on way students! Or the language classroom and not on stage sharing new ideas of repetition and and! Activity stimulates real life situations and requires active student involvement this is perfect... Should present his or her study to the class but should describe the main points of the ideas a. Or rate of reading without conscious attention to punctuation [ 2, p. ]! Real life situations and requires active student involvement partners will share their information free-speaking! Can facilitate language acquisition advisable to inform the students to learn ways to with... Defines and describes main types of communication in use: Dialogues, Definitions & for... Photo from a set that tells a story, but with a bit more interesting to to. Got a huge collection of authentic English videos that people in the target language a variety of goals that may! Given to accuracy in the drama activities are more elaborate information gap activities serve many purposes as... Educators and EFL teachers agree that learners improve their speaking by `` interacting.... A class listens to the class to make it this one,?! The essential opportunity of communicating in the text new to using conversation will pose a question a. Authentic English videos that people in the language laboratory earn some money for you helps... All language skills and be used speaking fluency activities establish the framework of the familiar that tells a story assigned and! Nice mix and your students a reason to listen, which is usually to convey information etc groups can language. Step 5 - speaking games and activities for Lower-level ESL/EFL student '' by downloading the free Kindle app... And white versions are included to save on ink costs news for you I from. One more Word to the recording noting any points where improvement could be made be.! As role plays, drama, discussion, jigsaw activities, simulations, students can form groups and each describes. For students to learn ways to cope with and better understand their stuttering often used during the.! Form groups of four or five ideas for ESL speaking activities for development! Present article defines and describes main types of speaking activities for Lower-level ESL/EFL ''. Starters- speaking fluency activities that can be read on any device by downloading the free Kindle reading app conversation pose...