The average elevation of the range is 600 metres (2,000 feet) above sea level. It is at times called the truly great Escarpment of India. Anaimudi is the highest peak of the peninsular plateau and is located on the Anaimalai Hills of the Western Ghats. Anai Peak, at 8,842 feet (2,695 metres) in the Anaimalai Hills, is the highest mountain in. Conversely, as the winds descend on the leeward side of the Western Ghats, the air’s moisture-bearing capacity increases and the resultant rain shadow makes for a belt of semiarid terrain, much of it with less than 25 inches (635 mm) of precipitation per…, The Western Ghats, also called the Sahyadri, are a north-south chain of mountains or hills that mark the western edge of the Deccan plateau region. The highest peak in the Western Ghats is Anaimudi and its elevation is 2695 meters or 8842 ft. [10] According to UNESCO, Western Ghats are older than Himalayan mountains. More like rolling hills than snow-covered mountains, the Western Ghats - stretching some 1,600km from the north of Mumbai to the southern tip of India - are a biodiversity hotspot that contains a large proportion of the country's plant and animal species; many of which are only found here and nowhere else in the world. Major gaps in the range are the Goa Gap, between the Maharashtra and Karnataka sections, and the Palghat Gap on the Tamil Nadu and Kerala border between the Nilgiri Hills and the Anaimalai Hills. [6] It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight "hottest hot-spots" of biological diversity in the world. Village in the Anaimalai Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu state, India. The coastal plains, including the Coromandel Coast region, lie between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. [9] It is a biodiversity hotspot that contains a large proportion of the country's flora and fauna; many of which are only found here and nowhere else in the world. Western Ghats is a continuous mountain range that runs parallel to West Coast of India running through Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala. Our stage is the Sahyadri mountain range of Western Ghats, in Maharashtra. The Eastern Ghats are made up of charnockites, granite gneiss, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock formations. The smaller ranges of the Western Ghats include the Cardamom Hills and the Nilgiri Hills. Mountain ranges The Western Ghats extend from your Satpura Range in the north, go southern past Maharashtra, Goa, through Karnataka and intoKerala and Tamil Nadu. Ghats such as these are useful for both mundane purposes (such as cleaning) and religious rites (i.e. The Eastern Ghats parallel the Coromandel Coast. The hills receive heavy annual rainfall, which runs off in rapid streams that have dissected the landscape, creating infertile plateaus separated by fertile alluvial valleys. The Western Ghats at Kerala as well as Tamil Nadu is home of many tea and java farms. Tea plantation in the foothills of the Western Ghats, Deccan region, Kerala, India. It also influences Indian monsoon weather patterns by Ghat, a term used in the Indian subcontinent, depending on the context could refer either to a range of stepped hills with valleys (ghati in Hindi), such as the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats; or the series of steps leading down to a body of water or wharf, such as a bathing or cremation place along the banks of a river or pond, the Ghats in Varanasi, Dhobi Ghat or the Aapravasi Ghat. Most of these were constructed under the patronage of various Maratha rulers such as Ahilyabai Holkar (Queen of the Malwa Kingdom from 1767 to 1795) in the 18th century.[18]. Sunithi L. Narayan, Revathy Nagaswami, 1992, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, substantial proportion of their national populations, Discover sublime India: handbook for tourists, https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/hindi-english/%E0%A4%98%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%9F%E0%A5%80, "UN designates Western Ghats as world heritage site", "39 sites in Western Ghats get world heritage status", >Bombay Teachers and the Cultural Role of Cities, Of 'ghati', 'bhaiyya' & 'yandu gundu': Mumbai has huge diversity in its pejoratives, "Geology of Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh", "An Overview of Indentured Labour Immigration in Mauritius", "Coolitude and the symbolism of the Aapravasi ghat", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ghat&oldid=995030819, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 21:03. The coast itself is difficult to access, except…, …the mountainous belt of the Western Ghats, Kerala has been exposed to many foreign influences via its long coastline; consequently, the state has developed a unique culture within the subcontinent, not only with a diverse religious tradition but also with its own language, Malayalam. This particular mountain range … The Western Ghats in Matheran, Maharashtra, India. Munnar, Kerala – The Western Ghats Mountains in India’s Kerala State. Their steep seaward slopes are deeply dissected by streams and canyonlike valleys, but on the landward side their slopes are gentle and give way to wide,…, … on the crest of the Western Ghats. Anai Peak, Western Ghats range, eastern Kerala, India. The Western Ghats are the range of mountains which run along the west coast of India. Limestone, bauxite and iron ore are found in the Eastern Ghats hill ranges. Anamudi 2,695 metres in Kerala the highest peak in Western Ghats. That is the Western Ghat stretches from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu with the tallest peaks in Kerala. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Their steep seaward slopes are deeply dissected by streams and canyonlike valleys, but on the landward side their slopes are gentle and give way to wide, mature valleys. The Western Ghats extend from the Satpura Range in the north, stretching from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu. Mountains Some of Anamudi, the highest top of american Ghats a couple of, 695 metres (8, 842 ft) from Eravikulam National Recreation area, Kerala. It gives a feeling of being close to Mother Nature. The numerous significant ghats along the Ganges are the Varanasi ghats (the city of Varanasi has 88 ghats) and generically the "ghats of the Ganges". Various segments of this mountain range— including the Nilgiri, Anaimalai, and Palni hills—have peaks exceeding 8,000 feet (2,400 metres) in elevation. 'Ghattam' in Malayalam also refers to mountain ranges when used with the name of the ranges being addressed (e.g., paschima ghattam for Western Ghats), while the passage road would be called a 'churam'. Most of the important religious, historical, and tourist attractions of the region are located in…, …the Sahyadri Hills of the Western Ghats. The Western Ghats or the Sahyadri constitute a mountain opportunity along the european side of India. The Southern Western Ghats has the most number of Impatiens in the entire Western Ghats. If you are … About the Western Ghats The Western Ghats hills run down the western side of India for about 1,600km, and have peaks that vary in height up to around 2,700m. "Ghat" and "Ghata" is also a suffix used in several place names across the subcontinent. The Eastern Ghats are older than the Western Ghats, and have a complex geologic history related to the assembly and breakup of the ancient supercontinent of Rodinia and the assembly of the Gondwana supercontinent. [3] In Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati and Kannada, ghat is a term used to identify a difficult passage over a mountain. They cover almost four major states of India and are the second-most highest mountain ranges of India after the Himalayas and 1.25 times the length of the Alps range in Europe. Vagamon is a hill station in Kerala. They have some of the finest non-equatorial tropical evergreen forests in the world with very high levels of speciation and endemism. Several rivers, including the Periyar and Amaravati,…, The Western Ghats, which slope down abruptly to the western maritime plains, would theoretically allow dams to harness water flowing down the steep slope; however, the rivulets that rise on the summit have an insignificant volume of flow in winter. The Western Ghats (Western Mountain Ranges) are ranges of hills along the western edge of the Deccan plateau in peninsular India. These mountains and the hills have facilitated the construction of several lakes and reservoirs. The Western Ghats of India undoubtedly has many hidden gems that make for a perfect vacation. The mountains of the Western Ghats and their characteristic montane forest ecosystems influence the Indian monsoon weather patterns that mediate the warm tropical climate of the region, presenting one of the best examples of the tropical monsoon system on the planet. Western Ghats is rich in biodiversity. There is even more specific endemism in the Southern Western Ghats. The Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu is home to many tea and coffee plantations. Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. Western ghats in and around Pune are simply awesome. These m… Mullayanagiri is the highest peak in Karnataka 1,950 metres (6,398 ft). intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer. The highest mountain is the Western Ghats is Anamudi, in Kerala at 2,695 meters high. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_peaks_in_the_Western_Ghats A total of thirty-nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites - twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra. Mullayanagiri is the highest peak in Karnataka 1,950 meters. You will find different tribes. Every region has its own festival and celebrations. Download PDF. Eastern Ghats on the east coast of India and Western Ghats on the west coast of India are the largest ghats in pensular India. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ritual bathing or ablutions); there are also specific "shmashana" or "cremation" ghats where bodies are cremated waterside, allowing ashes to be washed away by rivers; notable ones are Nigambodh Ghat and Raj Ghat in Delhi on the Yamuna, the latter of which was the cremation area for Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and numerous political leaders after him, and the Manikarnika Ghat at Varanasi on the Ganges.[19]. The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal. Anamudi, on the right, is the highest peak of the Western Ghats at 2,695 metres (8,842 ft) Nilgiris, a part of Western Ghats at Masinangudi, Tamil Nadu They are eroded and cut through by four major rivers of peninsular India, viz. The Western Ghats run for 1,600km in parallel with India’s west coast, from Gujarat right down to Tamil Nadu at the tip of the subcontinent. The whole mountain range of the Western Ghats is home to a number of different cultures. Charmadi Ghat of Karnataka is also notable. The Western Ghats are a chain of low mountains running 1,600 kilometres parallel to India’s western coast from Gujarat to southern Kerala between 30-50 kilometres inland. Aravali Range. Located in the Western Ghats range, it rises to 8,842 feet (2,695 metres) and is peninsular India’s highest peak. Each time it pushes thicker clouds upward until wind and clouds roll over the barrier and, after a few brief…, …the escarpment known as the Western Ghats traps the moisture of winds from the Arabian Sea, most notably during the southwest monsoon, creating a tropical monsoon climate along the narrow western littoral and depriving the Deccan of significant precipitation. The coastal plain represents a northward continuation of the Malabar Coast, with sand dunes giving place inland to small alluvial plains and lagoons. It is also known as ‘Purbagha?a’. Peaks. The Western Ghats mountain range extends down the western side of India from the River Tapti, north of Mumbai, to Tamil Nadu at the southern tip of India. [21] In Mauritius alone, 68 percent of the current total population is of Indian ancestry. Aapravasi Ghat or The Immigration Depot is a building complex located in Port Louis on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius, the first British colony to receive indentured, or contracted, labour workforce from India. Western Ghats | Kerala Tourism The Western Ghat is the mountain range that runs along the western coast of India, from the Vindhya-Satpura ranges in the north to the southern tip. The mountains intercept the rain-bearing westerly monsoonwinds, and are consequently an area of hi… Rivers on the eastern slope of…, …and rain occur against the Western Ghats in India, where the early monsoonal airstream piles up against the steep slopes, then recedes, and piles up again to a greater height. For example, in George Town, Penang in Malaysia, the label "Ghaut" is used to identify the extensions of those streets which formerly ended in ghats before reclamation of the quayside (e.g., Church St Ghaut - in Malay Gat Lebuh Gereja - is the name of the extension of Church St beyond where the street used to descend to the water via a ghat). Chief crops are jowar (grain sorghum), bajra (pearl millet), sugarcane, and rice. The funds that will be generated through our trail running and mountain running marathons will go towards protecting and conserving the mountains and forest trails of the Western Ghats. The confluence of the Eastern and the Western Ghats is at Biligirirangan Hills in Karnataka. Maharashtra-Wikipedia. The reason is the presence of Palghat pass which is a natural gap of about 30 kilometers in the elsewhere continuous mountain range. Visited Vagamon, the Scotland of Asia, as yet? The Immigration Depot has thus become an important reference point in the history and cultural identity of Mauritius. [5], Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains), is a mountain range covers an area of 140,000 km² in a stretch of 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traverse the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. From this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the north, the Palni to the northeast, and the Cardamom Hills to the south. The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats. [11] The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. The north aspect of filter seaside basically between Western Ghats and Arabian Sea known as Konkan Shore and basically Konkan, main section is known as Kanara and southern aspect of section is known as Malabar place and Malabar Shore. They rise abruptly from the coastal plain of the Arabian Sea as an escarpment of variable height, but… [4] One such passage is the Bhor Ghat that connects the towns Khopoli and Khandala, on NH 4 about 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Mumbai. It is, … Also notable is the high social…, The Western Ghats (a mountain range at the western edge of the Deccan plateau; ghat means “pass” in Marathi) run almost continuously for 400 miles (640 km) north-south, with the foothills reaching to within 4 miles (6.4 km) of the Arabian Sea. The word 'ghat' has been derived from Dravidian etymons such as the Tamil/Kannada words kaadu/kaadu(காடு/ಕಾಡು) (forest, side of a mountain, ridge) or Telugu katta and gattu (dam and embankment)[This quote needs a citation], The word ghati (Hindi: घाटी) means valley. Rainfall is extremely heavy in Konkan, averaging about 100 inches (2,540 mm), with some of the…, …region surrounding Pune includes the Sahyadri Hills, the Balaghat Range (north), and the Mahadeo Hills (south), which enclose the northern Bhima River valley. The Eastern Ghats are not as high as the Western Ghats. [20] From 1849 to 1923, half a million Indian indentured labourers passed through the Immigration Depot, to be transported to plantations throughout the British Empire. Each offers a variety of experience. Churches, temples, monoliths can be found in abundance among the range of the ghats. [22][23], Series of steps leading down to a body of water, particularly a holy river in South Asia. You will find different folklores and legends attached to these mysterious peaks of the western ghats. Each situated or constructed by the local people of the region. by Admin; April 23, 2020 May 2, 2020; It was morning 6’o clock, I got up and got ready for the airport. On the way I picked up my brother and his 2 friends’ .It is about 35 kms drive from my place Koramangla to Bangalore Airport. The views of mountains ranges in the ghats and the horizon is very nice. The Western Ghats, which are possibly a fault scarp, are the crest of the western edge of the Deccan plateau. Elevations increase northward to…, The Western Ghats and the ranges on the northern borders greatly influence the climate and separate the wet Konkan Coast from the dry interior upland, an area called the Desh. Covering just five percent of India’s land, the Western Ghats contains 27% of India’s higher plant species (4,000 of 15,000 species) – 1,800 are found nowhere else in the world. Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains), is a mountain range covers an area of 140,000 km² in a stretch of 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast. The Western Ghats are internationally recognized as a region of immense global importance for the conservation of biological diversity, besides containing areas of high geological, cultural and aesthetic values. [7][8] It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. Western Ghats mountain ranges constitute the beautiful array of mountains along the western coast of India that separates the Deccan Plateau from a narrow coastal strip along the Arabian Sea.It is a virtual mountain range as it is a fractured extension of the Deccan Plateaupossibly formed during the break up of the super continent Gondwana. The EBA ( Endemic Bird Area ) extends along the Ghats from just north of Maharashtra to the tip of the peninsula. They run for about 800 … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. They are aligned in north-east to south-west direction. It traverses south through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala. endangered species abound in india’s western ghats The diversity of plants, birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles is spectacular. Western Ghats Villa is located in Sethumadai Pollachi, We offer different types of A/C And Non-A/C individual villa for tourists. The structure of the Eastern Ghats includes thrusts and strike-slip faults[17] all along its range. Along the range there are 14 peaks that are more than 2,000 meters high and over a score that are over 1,000 meters. The Western Ghats (or the Sahyadri Mountain range) provide a physical backbone to the state on the west, while the Satpura Hills along the north and Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri ranges on the east serve as its natural borders. [1][2] Roads passing through ghats are called Ghat Roads. The large-scale migration of the laborers left an indelible mark on the societies of many former British colonies, with Indians constituting a substantial proportion of their national populations. [12][13] Ghati people, literally means the people of hills or ghats (valleys), is an exonym used for the marathi people specially those from the villages in Western Ghats, often in pejorative terms.[14][15][16]. In Madhya Pradesh in central India there are further significant ghats along the Narmada River. Euratlas online World Atlas: geographic or orographic maps showing the location, of the major mountain ranges of the world. In many cases, the term is used to refer to a mountain range itself, as in the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats. The forested areas on the mountains, the greenery around are best views to enjoy in a city like People who live on the steps are also called ghats. The Western Ghats, also called the Sahyadri, are a north-south chain of mountains or hills that mark the western edge of the Deccan plateau region. Western Ghats Villa. A chain of mountains running parallel to Indias western coast, approximately 30-50 km inland, the Ghats traverse the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The Eastern Ghats run from the northern Odisha through Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka and in the Wayanad region of Kerala. It is just a UNESCO Community Heritage Site and is one of many eight best hot spots of biological diverseness in the world. Map of Western Ghats or Sahyadri. The western ghats consist of evergreen forests too, however, the main crop grown there is the Coffee. https://www.britannica.com/place/Western-Ghats. Ghats refer to two converging mountain ranges in south-eastern India, called the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats, running along the eastern and western seaboards of the country. Eastern Ghats mountain ranges are a series of discontinuous low ranges along the Bay of Bengal coast running from the Mahanadi River valley for about 500 metres up to the Nilgiri Hills in the south and forms the eastern edge of the divided Deccan plateau.Eastern Ghats are not as elevated as the Western Ghats. The main crops are rice and coconuts; cultivation of various fruits and cashew nuts was developed in the…, The high peaks of the Western Ghats run along the state’s western border. The absence of snowpack in the south Indian uplands makes the…, The Western Ghats, which are possibly a fault scarp, are the crest of the western edge of the Deccan plateau. 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