The two sister-ships of her class, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer, were reclassified as heavy cruisers in … [15] These mountings allowed elevation to 35 degrees and depression to −10 degrees, for a range of 25,700 m (28,100 yd). [12] The three remaining pre-dreadnought battleships were modernized in the 1920s,[24] which included the replacement of the ships' 17 cm guns with 15 cm (5.9 in) pieces. The ships conducted patrols in the mouth of the Elbe River in the first weeks of the war while the rest of the fleet was still being mobilized. Deutschland-class Battleship : 4" 0.75" SMS Schleswig-Holstein was the last of the five Deutschland-class battleships built by the German Kaiserliche Marine. The class comprised Deutschland, Hannover, Pommern, Schlesien, and Schleswig-Holstein. Certain elements not to scale. Photograph courtesy of the Imperial War Museum, London. [44] After returning to Germany at the end of 1942, the ship served as a training ship until the end of 1944, when she was used to support ground operations against the Soviet Army. At 22°, the guns could engage targets 14,500 m (15,900 yd). Jun 9, 2018 - DKM Admiral Scheer Deutschland-class "pocket" battleship (panzerschiffe) All five ships had an armored deck that was 40 mm (1.6 in) thick. An increase in speed by one knot reduced the range slightly to 16,600 nmi (30,700 km; 19,100 mi). They were placed into reserve on 15 August 1917. Steering was controlled by a single rudder. [33], Schleswig-Holstein and Schlesien then participated in the occupation of Denmark and invasion of Norway, respectively, in April 1940. As a result, they were the last ships of that type built for the German Navy. Built by the Kriegsmarine, they were officially described as heavy cruisers of 10,000 tons in order to comply with the limitations imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. They had a beam of 22.2 m (73 ft) and a draft of 8.21 m (26.9 ft) forward. Admiral Graf Spee and Deutschland were rearmed in 1938 and 1940, respectively, with six 10.5 cm L/65 guns, four 3.7 cm SK C/30 guns and initially ten 2 cm Flak guns—the number of 2 cm guns on Deutschland was eventually increased to 28. The threat of war forced the cruise to be cut short, and all of the ships were back in German ports by the end of the month. They were the first major warships to use welding and all-diesel propulsion. As designed, the ship's complement comprised 33 officers and 586 enlisted men. In March 1941, Schlesien escorted mine-layers in the Baltic. [8] Her keel was laid on 1 October 1932,[5] under construction number 125. Hannover was to be converted into a target vessel, although this was never done. The class includes the ships: Deutschland (Re named Lützow), Admiral Scheer & Admiral Graf Spee. Deutschland -class cruiser The Deutschland class was a series of three Panzerschiffe ("armored ships"), a form of heavily armed cruiser, built by the Reichsmarine officially in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. [7] The initial design for Deutschland, ordered as "Panzerschiff A", was prepared in 1926 and finalized by 1928. Thank you! [27], After Hitler had given the order in late January 1943 for the two remaining ships to be scrapped, the possibility of instead converting them into aircraft carriers was discussed. After a fire permanently disabled the ship, her crew was sent ashore to assist in the defense of Marienburg. In October 1925, Hannover was moved to the North Sea station. [47] Admiral Graf Spee was deployed to the South Atlantic in the weeks before the outbreak of World War II, to be positioned in merchant sea lanes once war was declared. The ships were built despite rumors of the capabilities of the revolutionary HMS Dreadnought then under construction. [39], Admiral Scheer saw heavy service with the German Navy, including several deployments to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, to participate in non-intervention patrols. Bad weather hampered her efforts, and she sank or captured only three vessels before returning to Germany, after which she was renamed Lützow. Deutschland Class Battleship (1904) From The Dreadnought Project. [16], The ships of the Deutschland class continued to serve in the II Battle Squadron during World War I. [4][b] The Allies assumed that with these limitations, only coastal defense ships similar to those operated by the Scandinavian navies could be built. [13] The five ships conducted several training cruises and fleet maneuvers every year until 1914; these included cruises into the Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea and annual tours of Norway. [8] These shells weighed 45.3 kg (100 lb) and had a muzzle velocity of 875 m/s (2,870 ft/s). The second flagship had an additional 13 officers and 59 sailors. The barbettes, 100 mm thick in Deutschland, became 125 mm for the two sisters. [8], Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee had some improvements in armor thickness. Work began under construction number 219. [50] Admiral Graf Spee was eventually confronted by three British cruisers off Uruguay at the Battle of the River Plate on 13 December 1939. [24][37] Raised by the Soviet Navy in 1947, she was reportedly broken up for scrap over the next two years, according to Western works that did not have access to Soviet documents at the time. The Reichsmarine eventually opted for 28 cm (11 in) guns to avoid provoking the Allies and to ease pressures on the design staff. [8], As built, the ships' anti-aircraft battery consisted of three 8.8 cm SK L/45 anti-aircraft guns in single mounts. The Deutschland class was a series of three Panzerschiffe (armored ships), a form of heavily armed cruiser, built by the Reichsmarine officially in accordance … With newly built masts but still three funnels she entered service again replacing Elsass in February 1930 until September 1931. [9], Political opposition to the new ships was significant. This would have put a prohibitive strain on the naval budget for the year. Her first homeport was Swinemünde but she was transferred to Kiel in 1922. Admiral Graf Spee sank nine vessels in the South Atlantic before she was confronted by three British cruisers at the Battle of the River Plate. The Reichsmarine initially intended to lay down the first armored ship in 1926, but the design had not yet been finalized. World War 1 Naval Combat. The hulls would have been lengthened by approximately 20 meters (66 ft), which would have used 2,000 tons of steel and employed 400 workmen. This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class “Panzerschiff”, nicknamed a “pocket battleship” by the British. Britain and the United States favored making concessions to Germany, but France refused to allow any revisions to the Treaty of Versailles. The Deutschlands intervened and prevented the British battlecruisers under Admiral David Beatty from pursuing the German ships. Deutschland class ‘pocket battleship’ Posted on July 12, 2017 Lutzow (rear) and Admiral Scheer at Wilhelmshaven in 1939. eds. [7], When the particulars of the design became known by the Allies, they attempted to prevent Germany from building them. The Reichsmarine had decided that the new ships would be armed with two triple turrets mounting 28 cm guns. At 04:47 on 1 September, Schleswig-Holstein fired the first shots of World War II, when she opened fire on the base in Westerplatte. [17], The five ships participated in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May – 1 June 1916 under the command of Admiral von Mauve. [13] Each set was controlled by transmissions built by AG Vulcan. [8], The three Deutschland-class ships were armed with a main battery of six 28 cm SK C/28 guns mounted in two triple turrets, one on either end of the superstructure. [31] At the outbreak of World War II, she was cruising the North Atlantic, prepared to attack Allied merchant traffic. 1/1800th scale Deutschland-class battleship model. Schlesien and Schleswig-Holstein were the only two vessels of the class to see continued front-line service in the Reichsmarine and later the Kriegsmarine. The hull included a double bottom that ran for 84 percent of the length of the ship. Deutschland and her sisters carried a number of smaller vessels, including two picket boats, one admiral's barge, two launches, one pinnace, two cutters, two yawls, and two dinghies. The ship was partially broken up in situ, though part of the ship remains visible above the surface of the water. These were replaced in 1935 with six 8.8 cm SK C/31 guns in twin mounts. C/01 model, which allowed elevation to 30° and depression to −5°. [27] One of the most significant changes visually was the trunking of the two forward funnels into a single larger smoke stack. The engines were paired on two propeller shafts, which were attached to three-bladed screws that were 4.40 m (14 ft 5 in) in diameter. Five were emplaced in the top deck and two one deck higher in the superstructure on either side. In fact, running at about Sverige's top speed of 22 knots, she could still steam for 7,900 nm. The Deutschland-class ships were initially classified as Panzerschiffe but the Kriegsmarine reclassified them as heavy cruisers in February 1940. The Deutschland-class heavy cruiser comprised three ships; Deutschland, Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee - although the Deutschland was later renamed Lutzow. The ships carried a number of smaller boats, including two picket boats, two barges, one launch, one pinnace, and two dinghies. Overview of 5 vessels Citations for this data available on individual ship pages: They fired a 300 kg (660 lb) projectile at a muzzle velocity of 910 meters per second (3,000 ft/s). 2018 | New tool + Actions Stash. They were the only pre-dreadnought battleships to be present at the battle of Jutland, where Pommern was the only battleship to be sunk on either side. [17] The ships' forward conning tower had 150 mm (5.9 in) thick sides with a 50 mm (2.0 in) thick roof, while the aft conning tower was less well protected, with 50 mm thick sides and a 20 mm (0.79 in) thick roof. Admiral Graf Spee's draft was 5.80 m (19 ft 0 in) and 7.34 m (24 ft 1 in), respectively. These forces included four aircraft carriers, two battleships, and one battlecruiser. [26], In 1932, Schleswig-Holstein was re-boilered and converted into a cadet training ship. In Deutschland, the citadel armor was 160 mm (6.3 in) thick, while on the other four ships the armor was 170 mm thick. The result was the Deutschland class, a vessel with the hitting power of a much larger warship, but comparatively tiny (12,000 tons - yay for fudging the figures). All three ships were 181.70 meters (596.1 ft) long at the waterline, and as built, 186 m (610 ft 3 in) long overall. She ran aground during a planned attack on convoy PQ 17, which necessitated another return to Germany for repairs. This primarily included acting as a support force for the battlecruisers that bombarded the English coast in the hopes of luring out a portion of the British fleet. While off Spain, she bombarded the port of Almería following the Republican attack on her sister Deutschland. Hannover was used as a guard ship in the Danish belt, and Schlesien became a training ship in Kiel. [27], Admiral Graf Spee, the third and final member of the class, was also ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Kriegsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven. She was sunk by British bombers on 9 April 1945 and partially scrapped; the remainder of the wreck lies buried beneath a quay. [2], The three Deutschland-class ships varied slightly in dimensions. Conversion time was estimated at two years. [12][8] This savings allowed the armament and armor to be increased. They were similar to the preceding Braunschweig-class ships—Deutschland was nearly identical, though the design was modified slightly after the lead ship was laid down. Standard displacement grew from 10,600 long tons (10,800 t) for Deutschland to 11,550 long tons (11,740 t) for Admiral Scheer and 12,340 long tons (12,540 t) for Admiral Graf Spee. The Deutschland was a group of five pre-dreadnought battleships built for the German Kaiserliche Marine. Horsepower figures for Admiral Graf Spee are not recorded, though her top speed on trials was 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph). Following Germany's defeat in World War I, the size of the German Navy, renamed the Reichsmarine, was limited by the Treaty of Versailles. [27][52], Large cruiser or "cruiser killer" designs, German naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deutschland-class_cruiser&oldid=1007111543, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), This page was last edited on 16 February 2021, at 14:46. [18], The Kriegsmarine initially classified the ships as "Panzerschiffe" (armored ships), but in February 1940 it reclassified the two survivors of the class as heavy cruisers. [11] She was launched on 29 September 1905 and commissioned on 1 October 1907. The five Deutschland class ships served together in the 2nd Battle Squadron of the High Seas Fleet (with the Braunschweig class ship Hessen). Engine problems forced a series of repairs culminating in a complete overhaul at the end of 1943, after which the ship remained in the Baltic. [5], The Reichsmarine's oldest battleship, Preussen, was laid down in 1902 and could therefore be replaced legally in 1922. The barbettes that held the turrets were armored with 250 mm (9.8 in) thick steel. [35] Sunk in the Kaiserfahrt in April 1945 by Royal Air Force (RAF) bombers,[36] Lützow was used as a gun battery to support German troops fighting the Soviet Army until 4 May 1945, when she was disabled by her crew. [11], The ships' hulls were constructed with transverse steel frames; over 90 percent of the hulls used welding instead of the then standard riveting, which saved 15 percent of their total hull weight. She then returned to Germany where she was renamed Lützow. Home; Books; Search; Support. Muzzle velocity for both types of shells was 820 m/s (2,690 f/s). KMS Deutschland (later becoming the KMS Lutzow) was the lead ship of her class first ordered in 1928 and serving in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War 2. [27] Schlesien provided fire support for German troops in the vicinity of Gotenhafen between 15 and 21 March 1945. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://books.google.com/books?id=V2r_TBjR2TYC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=bJBMBvyQ83EC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=geQ6-XpW5fEC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=-EfYyhrtOq8C&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=9WGAexVXyHwC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=CzOsAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=z-3w7JSYHD4C&printsec=frontcover, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_11-40_skc04.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_675-40_skc04.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_88mm-35_skc00.htm, List of ships of the Imperial German Navy, German naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Deutschland-class_battleship?oldid=2830179, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 4,800 nautical miles (8,900 km; 5,500 mi); 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). 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