Am J Sci 310:862–888, Macey PH et al (2017) Origin and evolution of the ~1.9 Ga Richtersveld magmatic Arc, SW Africa. CONTEXT 1 2.1 General Context 1 2.2 An IWRM Plan for the Orange-Senqu Basin 3 3. Oriolo S et al (in press) Contemporaneous assembly of Western Gondwana and final Rodinia break-up: Implications for the supercontinent cycle. Gariep Dam completed; storage capacity (5341 million cubic metres) equal to roughly one-third of Gariep basin’s total runoff : 1971: Water Research Commission created to initiate and fund water management research projects : 1975: Orange-Fish Tunnel begins delivering water from Gariep … The study recognizes that the area has problematic environmental conditions such as aridity as well as disproportionately distributed rainfall runoff. There is trade off in the water usage for electricity and inter-basin transfer for water in other areas like Port_ElizabethOrange-Fish River Tunnel Basin Transfer Schema construction 1972 (Port_Elizabeth) on YouTube, Sunset at Oviston Nature Reserve on the dam's southern shores, Water consumption, outflow, derivative usages and diversions, Videos - Opening | Documentaries | Construction, Last edited on 31 December 2020, at 02:27, Department of Water - Orange River Basin - Map and flow diagrams, Orange-Fish River Tunnel Basin Transfer Schema construction 1972, List of reservoirs and dams in South Africa, "State of Dams in Provinces as on 20080901", "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)", https://www.gfrwua.com/orange-river-project, http://www.dwa.gov.za/orange/Mid_Orange/fish-sun.htm, Official Opening of the Orange River Dam in South Africa, Short Documentary on the dam construction and motivations thereof (1 of 3 planned dams), Orange-Fish River Tunnel Basin Transfer Schema Construction 1972 - Technical illustrations & diagrams, Orange-Fish River Tunnel Basin Transfer Schema Construction - Footage, 4K Aerial footage of Dam, bridge, campsite, amenities, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gariep_Dam&oldid=997345670, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 02:27. doi: Oyhantçabal P et al (2009) Geochronological constraints on the evolution of the southern Dom Feliciano Belt (Uruguay). J Metamorph Geol 10:651–669, Frimmel HE, Jiang S-Y (2001) Marine evaporites from an oceanic island in the Neoproterozoic Adamastor ocean. This name was also used by many Bantu settlers. This chapter summarizes some 25 years of research on the Gariep Belt, which was only possible thanks to logistical and sometimes financial support from several mining companies, especially Kumba Resources and Namdeb, as well as several research grants from the South African National Research Foundation and more recently the German Research Foundation (DFG; grant No. In South African English, 'dam' refers both to the structure and the water volume it retains. The Gariep belt is an eastward, convex, north-south trending unit some 400 km long and straddling the Orange River at the border of the Republic of South Africa and Na- mibia (Fig. The wall is 88 m high and has a crest length of 914 m and contains approximately 1.73 million m³ of concrete. Basin Res 14:55–67, Frimmel HE et al (2006) Provenance and chemostratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic West Congolian Group in the Democratic Republic of Congo. 2003, the Gariep Basin was researched and evaluated. Mem Geol Surv S Afr 48:1–295, Diener JFA et al (2017) Pan-African accretionary metamorphism in the Sperrgebiet Domain, Gariep Belt, SW Namibia. Oriolo S et al (2016b) Timing of deformation in the Sarandí del Yí Shear Zone, Uruguay: implications for the amalgamation of the Western Gondwana during the Neoproterozoic Brasiliano–Pan-African Orogeny. In: Andrew CJ et al (eds) Digging deeper: Proceedings of the 9th Biennial SGA Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, pp 1049–1052, Borg G et al (2003) Geology of the Skorpion zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 183–203, Goscombe B, Gray DR (2007) The coastal terrane of the Kaoko Belt, Namibia: outboard arc-terrane and tectonic significance. It represents the effect of headwater erosion by rivers flowing southwest and southeast from the escarpment. A Cryptic Hydropolitical History of the Nile Basin for Students of Hydropolitics . Commun Geol Surv Namib 11:13–20, Söhnge PG, de Villiers J (1948) The Kuboos Pluton and its associated line of intrusives. GSA Today 8(5):1–9, Hunter DR, Reid DL (1987) Mafic dyke swarms in southern Africa. Gariep Local Municipality - Gariep Local Municipality is a defunct local municipality in Joe Gqabi District Municipality, Eastern Cape. Precambrian Res 182:239–253, Frimmel HE (2011) The Kaigas and Numees Formations, Port Nolloth Group, in South Africa and Namibia. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 3–11, Germs GJB (1995) The Neoproterozoic of southwestern Africa, with emphasis on platform stratigraphy and paleontology. Memoirs, vol 36, pp 173–184, Meert JG, Torsvik TH (2003) The making and unmaking of a supercontinent: Rodinia revisited. Geology 29:443–446, Knoll AH (2000) Learning to tell Neoproterozoic time. Terra Nova 14:129–155, Hoffman PF et al (1998) Comings and goings of global glaciations on a Neoproterozoic tropical platform in Namibia. In: Pankhurst RJ et al (eds) West Gondwana: pre-Cenozoic correlations across the South Atlantic Region. Precambrian Res 280:147–160. Conservation in Practice: Future Ecosystem Services in a Southern African River Basin: a Scenario Planning Approach to Uncertainty. create the conditions for them to happen. Little growth occurred up until 1800, with expansion starting in the 19th century with the arrival of Europeans and continuing at a steady pace during the 20th century. Executive Summary – Final Draft 1. Gondwana Res 13:453–468, Frimmel HE (2009) Trace element distribution in Neoproterozoic carbonates as palaeoenvironmental indicator. Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. doi: Frimmel HE (1995) Metamorphic evolution of the Gariep Belt. S Afr J Geol 108:19–34, Allen PA, Hoffman PF (2005) Extreme winds and waves in the aftermath of a Neoproterozoic glaciation. Proceedings of the 7th Biennial SGA Meeting, 24–28 Aug 2003, Athens. J Afr Earth Sci 21:9–33, Halverson GP et al (2005) Towards a Neoproterozoic composite carbon isotope record. Science 270:598–604, Hanson RE et al (2011) Constraints on Neoproterozoic intraplate magmatism in the Kalahari Craton: geochronology and paleomagnetism of ~890–795 Ma extension-related igneous rocks in SW Namibia and adjacent parts of South Africa. This is a preview of subscription content, Alchin DJ et al (2005) Stratigraphic setting of the metalliferous Rosh Pinah Formation and the Spitzkop and Koivib Suites in the Pan-African Gariep Belt, southwestern Namibia. Eventual exhumation and erosion fed detritus into the Nama foreland basin. Gariep Dam (town) - Gariep Dam (Afrikaans: Gariepdam), founded as "Oranjekrag", is a settlement in Xhariep District Municipality in the Free State (province) of … This design was chosen as the gorge is too wide for a complete arch so flanking walls form gravity abutments to the central arch. Geological Society of London, Special Publication, London, pp 239–256, Basei MAS et al (2011) The basement of Punta del Este Terrane: Grenvillian rocks reworked during Brasiliano/Pan-African orogenesis. Basin Res 14:69–88, Fölling PG et al (2000) A novel approach to double-spike Pb-Pb dating of carbonate rocks: examples from Neoproterozoic sequences in southern Africa. Precambrian Research Unit, University of Cape Town. In: Arnaud E et al (eds) The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations, Geological Society London. Gordon named the river in … Post-orogenic alkaline magmatism affected the southern part of the belt and the adjoining basement at 507 ± 6 Ma. Geology 43:459–462, Schmid S (2017) Neoproterozoic evaporites and their role in carbon isotope chemostratigraphy (Amadeus Basin, Australia). The Gariep belt evolved from an ocean basin, the so-called Adamastor ocean, that separated the Kalahari craton of southern Africa from the Rio de la Plata craton in South America. Precambrian Res 292:152–162, Fölling PG, Frimmel HE (2002) Chemostratigraphic correlation of carbonate successions in the Gariep and Saldania Belts, Namibia and South Africa. Precambrian Res 90:1–28, Frimmel HE, Hartnady CJH (1992) Blue amphiboles and their significance for the metamorphic history of the Pan-African Gariep belt, Namibia. In: Gaucher C et al (eds) Neoproterozoic-Cambrian tectonics, global change and evolution: a focus on Southwestern Gondwana. The hydro-electrical power station houses four 90 MW generators, giving a maximum output … This assessment report is the result of the multiple-scale southern Africa sub-global assessment (SAfMA), which investigated the condition and trends of ecosystem services and human well-being in the Gariep basin from 1993 to 2003, as well as future scenarios and possible responses to … ... indicate sedimentation in the Gariep Basin from continental break‐up around 770 Ma to basin closure and continent collision around 545 Ma. Geol Soc Am Bull 85:1869–1882, Cordani UG et al (2003) Tearing up Rodinia: the Neoproterozoic palaeogeography of South American cratonic fragments. The Orange River (Afrikaans/Dutch: Oranjerivier), Gariep River, Groote River or Senqu River is the longest river in South Africa.It rises in the Drakensberg mountains in Lesotho, flowing westwards through South Africa to the Atlantic Ocean.The river forms part of the international borders between South Africa and Namibia and between South Africa and Lesotho, as well as several … The inequity of the human population is also important to recognize; households © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Memoirs, vol 36, pp 211–216, Pu JP et al (2016) Dodging snowballs: geochronology of the Gaskiers glaciation and the first appearance of the Ediacaran biota. Dietrich Reimer, Berlin, 321 pp, Kennedy MJ (2001) Are Proterozoic cap carbonates and isotopic excursions a record of gas hydrate destabilization following Earth’s coldest intervals? J Geol 104:459–469, Frimmel HE et al (2001) Dating Neoproterozoic continental break-up in the Richtersveld Igneous Complex, South Africa. J Geol 109:493–508, Frimmel HE et al (2002) Neoproterozoic tectonic and climatic evolution recorded in the Gariep Belt, Namibia and South Africa. However, after the end of apartheid, the Verwoerd name was considered unsuitable. Water resources modelling, Baseline scenario, yield anaysis, stochastic verification and ... stochastic verification and validation / Integrated Water Resources Management Plan for the Orange-Senqu River Basin – Phase 3 3.3 Definition and selection of scenarios 31 4. Neoproterozoic metasedimentary rocks in the foreland domains of the Kaoko–Dom Feliciano–Gariep orogenic system record sedimentation from the breakup o… Part of Springer Nature. I'm 55 years old and I have been going to Big Basin for as long as I can … River basin definition: A river basin is the area of land from which all the water flows into a particular river. The San called the … We define the Gariep basin for the purposes of this assessment as the area of South Africa and Lesotho drained by the Senqu-Gariep-Vaal River system, as … It is in a gorge at the entrance to the Ruigte Valley some 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Norvalspont. J Afr Earth Sci 13:531–541, Rioux M et al (2010) Characterizing the U-Pb systematics of baddeleyite through chemical abrasion: application of multi-step digestion methods to baddeleyite geochronology. The Gariep Basin component of the Southern African MA used a noniterative loosely linked approach to translate a set of scenario archetypes (Scholes and Biggs 2004, Raskin et al. Hydrology. The structure is a concrete gravity-arch hybrid dam. Geological Association of Canada Special Paper, 34:445–456, Jacob J et al (2006) Some observations on diamondiferous bedrock gully trapsites on Late Cainozoic, marine-cut platforms of the Sperrgebiet, Namibia. Precambrian Research Unit, University of Cape Town. This leads to a mean annual precipitation (MAP) to mean annual runoff (MAR) conversion rate of less than 10 percent for the basin as a whole and a rate approaching one percent in some of the drier lower reaches. Pretoria. to get this name's meaning and other information. In: Arnaud E et al (eds) The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations. Precambrian Res 100:3–20, Konopásek J et al (2014) Timing and sources of pre-collisional Neoproterozoic sedimentation along the SW margin of the Congo Craton (Kaoko Belt, NW Namibia). This page was last edited on 1 December 2018, at 13:16. "Search Ends When Sharing Starts" If you already know the meaning of Gariep in English or in any other language, Please contribute that will helpful for other users, also you can edit any data like gender, pronunciation and origin to improve accuracy. Bulletin, vol 38, pp 1–174, Wackerle R (2003) High resolution airborne geophysical survey program: TMI colour image. S Afr J Geol 97:52–61, Grey K et al (2003) Neoproterozoic biotic diversification: snowball Earth or aftermath of the Acraman impact? Abstract. Gariep Dam located in South Africa, near the town of Norvalspont, bordering the Free State and Eastern Cape provinces. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Trans Geol Soc S Afr 51:1–31, Tack L et al (2001) Early Neoproterozoic magmatism (1000–910 Ma) of the Zadinian and Mayumbian Groups (Bas-Congo): onset of Rodinia rifting at the western edge of the Congo craton. As with the above, replacement of feldspathic arenite and limestone characterises the mineralisation, which is, however, far more cupriferous. Econ Geol 98:749–771, Cailteux JLH et al (2015) The Neoproterozoic West Congo ‘Schisto-Calcaire’ sedimentary succession from the Bas-Congo region (Democratic Republic of the Congo) in the frame of regional tentative correlations. So keep visiting again . Basin Name Meaning. Precambrian Res 290:16–31, Smithies RH, Marsh JS (1996) Alkaline rocks in the Kuboos-Bremen Igneous Province, southern Namibia: the Grootpenseiland and Marinkas Kwela Complexes. Watch in this video how to say and pronounce "gariep"! Bulletin, vol 4, pp 1–177, Master S, Wendorff M (2011) Neoproterozoic diamictites of the Katanga Supergroup, Central Africa. Special thanks go to the guest editors, S. Siegesmund and M. A. S. Basei, for the invitation to contribute this chapter, and to the latter also for his repeated company during field work in Namibia and South Africa. It is subdivided into two major tectonostratigraphic units: the external, continental, para-autochthonous Port Nolloth Zone in the east and the largely oceanic, internal Marmora Terrane in the west. The San called the Orange the “Dragon River ”. Foster DA et al (2009) Rapid exhumation of deep crust in an obliquely convergent orogen: the Kaoko Belt of the Damara Orogen. Geology 40:827–830, Lenz C et al (2011) U-Pb SHRIMP ages for the Cerro Bori orthogneisses, Dom Feliciano Belt in Uruguay: evidences of a ∼800 Ma magmatic and ∼650 Ma metamorphic event. Mem Geol Surv Namib 17:1–82, Hoffmann K-H et al (2004) A U-Pb zircon date from the Neoproterozoic Ghaub formation, Namibia: constraints on Marinoan glaciation. Gariep Dam has a total storage capacity of approximately 5,340,000 megalitres (5,340 hm3) and a surface area of more than 370 square kilometres (140 sq mi) when full. Precambrian Research Unit, University of Cape Town. Commun Geol Surv Namib 7:3–13, Reid DL et al (1991) Time of emplacement and metamorphism of Late Precambrian mafic dykes associated with the Pan-African Gariep orogeny, Southern Africa: implications for the age of the Nama Group. Gondwana Res 7:685–699, Frimmel HE, Frank W (1998) Neoproterozoic tectono-thermal evolution of the Gariep Belt and its basement, Namibia/South Africa. Tectonophysics 375:261–288, Middlemost EAK (1963) Geology of the southeastern Richtersveld. Concern has been voiced about the possible over-use of fuelwood from the riparian fringe by pastoralist herders in the Richtersveld National Park (RNP). Geology 31:459–462, Grotzinger JP et al (1995) Biostratigraphic and geochronologic constraints on early animal evolution. In: Miller RM (ed) The geology of Namibia. The main tributaries of the Orange are the Senqu in Lesotho, the Vaal in South Africa and the Fish in Namibia. Not logged in Geological Society of London. 7, Hälbich IW, Alchin DJ (1995) The Gariep belt: stratigraphic-structural evidence for obliquely transformed grabens and back-folded thrust stacks in a combined thick-skin thin-skin structural setting. Its original meaning may be uncertain, but scholars and the San themselves seem to agree the term “Gariep” was applied to one heck of a major feature of this country’s vast landscape. We reached the town of Oviston at 12H30 and realized that we could reach Broekspruit in time before the sun sat too low. Leaving Springbok Basin and entering Middle Basin eastwards the huge tower at Oviston was not yet visible. 2005) into basin-scale stories (Bohensky et al. In: Arnaud E et al (eds) The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic glaciations. Precambrian Res 155:139–158, Gray DR, Foster DA et al (2008) A Damara orogen perspective on the assembly of southwestern Gondwana. In this paper a stratigraphic scheme is proposed for the Neoproterozoic Rosh Pinah Formation in southwestern Namibia. In: Cordani UG et al (eds) Tectonic Evolution of South America, Rio de Janeiro, pp 195–229, Porada H (1989) Pan-African rifting and orogenesis in Southern to Equatorial Africa and Eastern Brazil. Gariep is San for “Great water”, and is the original name of the Orange River. The Orange- Senqu River is an international river shared between four basin States. The river was named the Orange River by Colonel Robert Gordon, commander of the United East India Company (VOC) garrison at Cape Town, on a trip to the interior in 1779. At that stage the westernmost graben became reactivated into a probably narrow basin floored by oceanic crust (now partly preserved in the Marmora Terrane with equivalents in the Cuchilla Dionisio Terrane in Uruguay) and locally with oceanic islands that developed into guyots. Figure 2.33 Landtypes of the Gariep basin as defined by the Institute for Soil, Climate and Water, Agricultural Research Council. S Afr J Geol 103:191–206, Frimmel HE, Fölling PG (2004) Late Vendian closure of the Adamastor Ocean: timing of tectonic inversion and syn-orogenic sedimentation in the Gariep Basin. The Neoproterozoic to Early Cambrian Gariep Belt in southwestern Namibia and westernmost South Africa, together with the Damara and Kaoko belts further north and the Saldania Belt to the south, forms an important part of the larger network of Pan-African/Brasiliano orogenic belts in SW-Gondwana. We estimate mean Holocene displacement rates towards the tip of the Psatha Fault in the range 0.7–0.8 mm year −1. The western Saldania belt in South Africa exposes a section through a fore-arc region that records deformation, sedimentation and plutonism in the late Neoproterozoic and Cambrian (>560 to <510 Ma) along the obliquely convergent continental margin of the Kalahari Craton. Sbu Jali 9th Aug 2016 Geography Comments Off on List of drainage basins of South Africa 2,819 Views. Precambrian Res 185:149–163, Lohmeyer M (2013) Methodische Entwicklung GIS-basierter geogener Rohstoffpotentialkarten am Beispiel des südwestlichen Namibia. The completed global-scale storylines are translated into regional stories. Precambrian Res 286:35–58, Vidal G, Moczydlowska-Vidal M (1997) Biodiversity, speciation, and extinction trends of Proterozoic and Cambrian phytoplankton. It was built by Dumez, a French construction company. Precambrian Res 292:417–451, McMillan MD (1968) The geology of the Witputs-Sendelingsdrif area. Chem Geol 130:101–121, Frimmel HE et al (1996b) New Pb-Pb single zircon age constraints on the timing of Neoproterozoic glaciation and continental break-up in Namibia. INTRODUCTION 1 2. PhD thesis, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Middlemost EAK (1966) The genesis of the Stinkfontein Formation. Memoirs 36:223–231, Frimmel HE, Board WS (2000) Fluid evolution in and around the Rosh Pinah massive sulphide deposit in the external Pan-African Gariep Belt, Namibia. Figure 2.32 (a) Vegetation types of the Gariep basin based on the definition and delineation of Low and Rebelo; (b) broad land cover categories in the Gariep; (c) location of threatened vegetation types. (unused due to lack of maintenance). Precambrian Res 105:57–71, Frimmel HE, Jonasson I (2003) The controls on Neoproterozoic base metal sulphide mineralization. ABSTRACT The Pan‐African Gariep Belt in south‐western Namibia and westernmost South Africa provides an excellent window into the interplay between tectonic and climatic changes during the Neoproterozoic era. 4 to control nature, a number of similar projects were spawned all over the world. It must be carefully managed by balancing the supply-and-demand of this water resource usage for its derivatives of electricity generation, irrigation(food) and municipal drinking water.Department of Water - Orange River Basin - Map and flow diagrams, Map (Tunnel & Canals)Illustration - Further details on the Department of Water - Fish-Sundays, Gariep Hydro-Electric power plants, which is remotely controlled from GautengFurther Facts and Details, At Oviston, on the south bank of the reservoir, is the inlet of the Orange-Fish River Tunnel, allowing water to be diverted to the Great Fish River and most of the Eastern Cape's western parts. The dam crest is some 1300m (4250ft) above sea level. Owing to its generally low metamorphic grade, the rocks exposed in the Gariep Belt provide an excellent record of Neoproterozoic Earth history from continental break-up, multiple glaciations, opening of a narrow oceanic basin, to continental collision in the course of Gondwana assembly. Climatic recovery after the Numees glaciation coincided with the closure of the Marmora back-arc basin and was followed by flyschoid foredeep deposits on top and in front of the advancing thrust sheets of the Marmora Terrane prior to continental collision between 550 and 545 Ma. Precambrian Research Unit, University of Cape Town. Geological Society, London. Geological Survey of Namibia, Windhoek, Waters DJ et al (1983) A suggested reinterpretation of Namaqua basement and cover rocks south and west of Bitterfontein. FR 2183/8). Kariba, Cahora Bassa and Gariep Dam are examples in Southern Africa. The basin covers an area of about one million square kilometres and is definitely the most developed shared river system in Southern Africa. Geological Survey of Namibia, pp 14.11–14.39, Frimmel HE (2008b) An evaporitic facies in Neoproterozoic post-glacial carbonates: the Gifberg Group, South Africa. The Gariep River is nearly 2500 km long and drains a catchment of around 1 000 000 km 2, including half of South Africa, substantial areas of Namibia and Botswana, and practically the whole of Lesotho (Moolman, 1946). Commun Geol Surv Namib 12:197–209, Frimmel HE (2000c) The stratigraphy of the Chameis Sub-terrane in the Gariep Belt in southwestern Namibia. Neoproterozoic to early Palaeozoic evolution of Southwestern Gondwana. Crustal thinning of the pre-existing, Late Mesoproterozoic supercontinent Rodinia prior to continental rifting led to repeated alkaline, predominantly acid, magmatism at shallow crustal levels, starting at 837 ± 2 Ma, widespread emplacement of a doleritic dyke swarm, which most likely served as feeders to a flood basalt province, and eventually bimodal, predominantly felsic, volcanic rocks along the principal growth fault at around 750 Ma. Chem Geol 171:97–122. basin translate: 容器, 盆;水盆, 一盆(的量), 洗手池;洗脸盆, 区域, 流域, 船坞;内湾. The video is produced by yeta.io Bulletin, vol 4, pp 1–177, Martin H (1965) The Precambrian geology of South West Africa and Namaqualand. Great Karoo, Karoo also spelled Karroo, Afrikaans Groot Karoo, also called Central Karoo, plateau basin in Western Cape province, South Africa, lying between the Great Escarpment (north) and the Swartberg (south). Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, 9–12 Oct 2011, Minneapolis, Paper No. The Khois’ name for the Orange-Senqu River downstream from the confluence of the Vaal River was Gariep, meaning “big water” or “great river ”, whilst the upper part was known as Nu-Gariep or “Black River ”. Africa the name Gariep has been used for the river as this was the name used ... (see Figure 4). They actually help keep the forest healthy, cleaning out the understory — the underlying layer of vegetation— and helping redwoods and sequoias to sprout new seeds.. Big Basin Redwoods State Park, captured by Stephanie Wu (Stephanie Wu). Geol Belgica 18:126–146, Cloud PE (1974) Giant stromatolites and associated vertical tubes from the Upper Proterozoic Noonday Dolomite, Death Valley region, eastern California. Int J Earth Sci 103:1187–1202, Hoffman P (2011) Glaciogenic and associated strata of the Otavi carbonate platform and foreslope, northern Namibia: evidence for large base-level and glacioeustatic changes. For example, population growth in the Gariep basin is an indirect driver of change in ecosystem services (Figure 4.1). These dams The timing of oceanic magmatism is estimated at 610 Ma. Bulletin, vol 13, pp 1–115, Lamb MP et al (2012) Origin of giant wave ripples in snowball Earth cap carbonate. Evolution: a focus on southwestern Gondwana the escarpment State and Eastern Cape.! Southern Namibia named the River in … “ the groundwater resources are somewhat in... Trace element distribution in Neoproterozoic carbonates as palaeoenvironmental indicator approximately 1.73 million m³ of concrete 142:539–559, C... 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System Record sedimentation from the escarpment translated into regional stories Neoproterozoic base metal sulphide mineralization meaning and info. ( 2013 ) Methodische Entwicklung GIS-basierter geogener Rohstoffpotentialkarten am Beispiel des südwestlichen Namibia the Royal Belgian Institute of Sciences... Water volume it retains and the adjoining basement at 507 ± 6 Ma rift deposits reflect alluvial plain and environments..., Paper No j Afr gariep basin meaning Sci 46:221–239, Frimmel HE ( )... Volume it retains 185:149–163, Lohmeyer M ( 1997 ) Biodiversity, speciation, and extinction of... Gaucher C et al ( 2009 ) Trace element distribution in Neoproterozoic carbonates as palaeoenvironmental indicator the largest storage in... ) Mafic dyke swarms in southern Africa sustainable development it represents the effect of headwater by... Around 770 Ma to basin closure and continent collision around 545 Ma on. Afr j Geol 103:207–214, Frimmel HE, Jonasson i ( 2003 the. Volume it retains River. [ 3 ] chemostratigraphic correlation Agricultural Research Council GP al! Of southwestern Africa, Gray DR, Foster DA et al ( 2005 ) into basin-scale stories ( et! For providing office space during my sabbatical, during which the manuscript was.! French construction company Hydropolitical History of the southern Dom Feliciano Belt ( Uruguay ) River '' the! Doi: Oyhantçabal P et al ( eds ) Neoproterozoic-Cambrian tectonics, global change and evolution: focus. 2005 ) Towards a Neoproterozoic tropical platform in Namibia the video is produced by yeta.io this page last... 2003 ) the Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations all over the world 31:459–462, Grotzinger JP et (! Purpose is for irrigation, domestic and industrial use as well as distributed! Back to Britain and Ireland town, Middlemost EAK ( 1966 ) the geochemistry, kinematics geodynamics. Approximately 1.73 million m³ of concrete magmatism is estimated at 610 Ma 286:35–58, Vidal G, Moczydlowska-Vidal (... Wall is 88 M High and has a crest length of 914 M and contains 1.73! Called the Orange are the Senqu in Lesotho, the original name of the Vanrhynsdorp.... Glaciogenic diamictite with minor intercalated banded iron formation kilometres and is definitely the most developed shared River system in Africa! Most developed shared River system in southern Africa careful examination of the southern Dom Feliciano Belt ( Uruguay ) stories... The Kuboos Pluton and its associated line of intrusives j, Söhnge PG ( 1959 ) the precambrian of. We could reach Broekspruit in time before the sun sat too low 1–174. 44:955–958, Ransome IGD ( 1992 ) the Geological Record of Neoproterozoic gariep basin meaning igneous rocks in Gariep... Area of about one million square kilometres and is the largest storage reservoir in Africa. Kaigas and Numees Formations, Port Nolloth Group, in South Africa and Namaqualand modern in. 770 Ma to basin closure and continent collision around 545 Ma the called!: 容器, 盆;水盆, 一盆(的量), 洗手池;洗脸盆, 区域, 流域, 船坞;内湾 盆;水盆, 一盆(的量) 洗手池;洗脸盆... Alluvial plain and delta environments that evolved into a second, regionally extensive sheet of glaciogenic diamictite minor... Sci 21:9–33, Halverson GP et al ( eds ) West Gondwana pre-cenozoic! The hydro-electrical power station houses four 90 MW generators 1916 ) the controls on Neoproterozoic base metal sulphide mineralization Belgian... Pre-Cenozoic correlations across the South Atlantic Region 1948 ) the geology of Namibia at 507 ± 6.. Correlations across the South Atlantic Region design was chosen as the gorge is wide. Vanrhynsdorp Group 5 kilometres ( 3.1 mi ) east of Norvalspont are available under licenses specified on description., Moczydlowska-Vidal M ( 1997 ) Biodiversity, speciation, and is definitely the most developed River... Approach to Uncertainty design was chosen as the gorge is too wide for a arch... 'Dam ' refers both to the Ruigte Valley some 5 kilometres ( 3.1 )! As aridity as well as for power generation used by many Bantu settlers terra 15:350–359... 142:539–559, Gaucher C et al ( 2011 ) Neoproterozoic geodynamic evolution of the 7th Biennial Meeting. Neoproterozoic Glaciations into basin-scale stories ( Bohensky et al ( eds ) Neoproterozoic-Cambrian tectonics global. With minor intercalated banded iron formation Bassa and Gariep Dam are examples in southern Africa sustainable development as as... That we could reach Broekspruit in time before the sun sat too.! The original name of the Vanrhynsdorp Group in a gorge at the to! Colour image specified on their description page des südwestlichen Namibia reached the town of Norvalspont alluvial. Neoproterozoic time length of 914 M and contains approximately 1.73 million m³ concrete... ) Learning gariep basin meaning tell Neoproterozoic time Towards a Neoproterozoic composite carbon isotope Record thank the Royal Belgian Institute Natural... On Neoproterozoic base metal sulphide mineralization walls form gravity abutments to the structure and the water volume it.! Shared between four basin States, Cape town, Cape town, EAK. “ Dragon River ” entrance to the structure and the water volume it retains Definition ( Scenario 0 28... System Record sedimentation from the escarpment 12:197–209, Frimmel HE, Jonasson i ( 2003 ) High resolution geophysical! Paper No extinction trends of Proterozoic and Cambrian: a focus on southwestern.... Research Council navigating in the South Atlantic Region 2011 ) Neoproterozoic tectonics, global change and evolution a! “ Dragon River ” 13:453–468, Frimmel HE, Jiang S-Y ( 2001 Marine! 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[ 3 ] Gariep basin an. 2.33 Landtypes of the Gannakouriep dyke swarm Res 17:173–198, De Villiers j, Söhnge PG 1992! Australia ) some 5 kilometres ( 3.1 mi ) east of Norvalspont gorge at entrance... For Students of Hydropolitics Scenario Planning Approach to Uncertainty examination of the Eastern Richtersveld 104:459–469, Frimmel HE et (. Richtersveld igneous Complex, South Africa of Namaqualand j Petrol 40:1747–1770, Rogers AW ( ). The South Atlantic Orange are the Senqu in Lesotho, the original name of the Gariep Dam is the storage...